When properly plant a tree

Date: 16.10.2018, 00:21 / View: 94282
 How to plant a nut

Walnut is a storehouse of vitamins. Walnut kernels contain vitamins A, C, E, B1, B2, iron, potassium, calcium, copper, zinc, iodine, cobalt and other trace elements. Also nuts contain proteins, fats, fatty oil, tannins. Walnut is also called “food for the brain”, its kernels very well influence the mental activity of a person, and nuts strengthen immunity.

To have such an amazingly useful tree at home, you need to plant it correctly. How to plant a walnut so that it gives a good harvest? What to plant: seeds or walnut seedlings?

Seeds. When seed reproduction, walnut seedlings do not always go off and do not always preserve the properties of the parent variety. After sowing the seeds of the nut, the fruits will appear in 7-8 years. It will take a long time to wait, and if not the variety, and 8 years of cultivation were in vain. Do not be disappointed!

Vaccinations. A walnut can also be grafted. If the seedlings are used as a stock, their thickness, at the level of 10-15 cm from the ground level, should be at least 1-1.5 cm. And the grafts for grafting are used from young fruit-bearing walnut trees of the desired variety. The tree enters fruiting for 7-8 years, but with good care and proper crown formation, it can begin to bear fruit for 4-5 years.

Saplings. If you want to plant a walnut tree, then you must choose a strong and healthy seedling. Choose a strong young (annual) tree without disturbing the upper layer of bark. You should also pay attention to the condition of the roots: the tree must have a well-developed root system, so pay attention to the presence of the main root in the intact state. A young and healthy seedling as soon as possible will be able to settle down and not get sick. When to plant a walnut

Autumn. Walnut should be planted only in autumn. In the fall, the sap flow in the trees slows down, and the young nut can take root quietly waiting for spring. During the winter dormancy, the tree will get stronger and in the spring will be able to quickly go into active growth, and not spend all efforts on rooting.

Spring. In spring, young seedlings can be transplanted (if necessary) from one place to another, subject to minimal damage to the roots and the preservation of a large amount of earthy coma.

When choosing a walnut seedling, consider the variety and how well it bears fruit. Remember that these are the fruits that your tree will produce. Where to plant a walnut

Nuts love a lot of sunlight, in the shade of the tree will slowly grow. Also, make sure the plant gets enough water. To plant a nut in a swamp area is undesirable. The roots of the tree can rot from excess moisture, as a result of which it will not bear fruit. In addition, the wrong landing site can lead to the fact that the nut will dry out, hurt, constantly suffer from pests and diseases. To avoid this, you need to know how to plant a walnut. How to plant a walnut

Before you plant a walnut, you need to prepare a pit with a size of 100 cm x 100 cm and a depth of 70 cm. The soil must be enriched with organic fertilizers. When planting, the root collar should remain 3-5 cm higher than the soil. After the seedling is sunk, the pit is covered with earth, the site of the trunk circle is compacted and watered abundantly (2 buckets of water for 1 seedling).

To prevent cracking of the soil, the tree trunk is mulched (sawdust, straw - a layer of mulch 3-5 cm). A peg is installed next to a young tree, this will save the sapling from strong winds and help it to take root faster.

Some gardeners throw some scrap metal into the planting pit (rusty nails, rusty tin cans). The tree from this will only get better, and after five years you will be able to harvest the first harvest. Nut care

The development and fruiting is influenced not only by the proper planting, but also by the further care of the walnut.

Watering seedlings. After planting, the seedlings are watered abundantly to compact the soil. Later watered once a week. In extreme heat and drought, watering increases. After 2 years, the plant does not need frequent watering, and perennial trees are not watered.

Preparing a walnut seedling for the winter. In the fall the young plant is prepared for wintering. To do this, it is warmed by sprinkling the trunk with earth. From above, the soil is mulched with humus, straw, sawdust or rotted manure. Fertilizers are applied in July, using ashes, superphosphate or complex fertilizers.

An old nut does not bear fruit - many rusty nails are driven into the tree trunk. This allows you to saturate the walnut tree with its necessary elements, and the walnut will get stronger again, will cease to hurt and dry, color and fruits will appear on it. Growing walnut fruit

Even beginners in gardening can be engaged in cultivation of a walnut. This tree is not fastidious, quietly growing on different soils. The only problem faced by gardeners is that the walnut does not tolerate prolonged winter frosts. Mostly young trees suffer, adults tolerate cold normally.

Growing walnuts from the fruit is a convenient and proven method

Many gardeners are wondering how to germinate walnuts. The best breeding option is from the fruit, because the culture does not give root growth and reluctantly grows when grafting. The main advantage of this planting is that the young plant will fully preserve the varietal qualities of the parent tree. Selection of planting material

The selection of planting material is an important stage in the germination of nuts. After that choose the nut itself. You need to make sure its taste. It is worth trying a couple of nuts from the tree, usually the taste is the same for the whole crop. Inspect the nut itself for damage and disease. Recommendations for choosing: Plant only need fruits with a whole shell, without cracks and fractures. It should not be a trace of mold. The weight of the nut should be felt in the hand. If the shell is very light, then the core is shrunken or underdeveloped. The presence of holes in the shell indicates damage to the nucleus by moths or other pests.

To grow a walnut tree can only be from fresh fruits, last year will not fit. Because of this, you should not buy nuts for planting in stores or with hands. It is not known where and how these walnuts were stored, and how much time has passed since they were harvested. It is best to collect planting material yourself.

For planting should be selected perfectly whole and high-quality walnut. Preparing nuts for planting

After the walnuts have been collected and sorted, it is necessary to take the largest of them and put them into a deep container. Seed material is poured with warm water, with potassium permanganate diluted in it. Good, full-bodied nuts fall to the bottom, and those that remained on the surface are not suitable for planting.

Before you plant a walnut from the fruit, you need to carefully process the nuts from pests. Fruits leave to soak for 2–3 hours. During this time, the shells swell from the water and slightly open. This will make it easier to sprout the sprout and speed up the process. Potassium permanganate disinfects planting material. Planting nuts

There are two options for how to grow walnuts from walnut. Each of them is quite effective. The choice remains for the gardener. Before planting walnut walnut, you need to know all the details of this process. Method One

Walnuts are planted in the ground in the fall. This method does not involve pre-soaking, but only treatment with a solution of potassium permanganate. Landing should be at a distance of 2-3 meters from each other. 3-4 wells are placed in the wells at a distance of 6 cm from each other. They are covered with earth and plentifully watered with settled water. The embedding depth is 5–7 cm. The hole is covered with straw or fallen leaves. In the spring of the germinated plants choose the most robust and healthy, and the rest are removed.

Nuts are processed by potassium permanganate before planting. Method Two

The second way to grow a nut from a nut is to soak the fruit soaked in a deep container filled with river-calcined sand. 5–10 nuts are laid immediately, depending on the volume of the container. From above they fall asleep 2-3 cm of sand. With such germination, planting material needs stratification — imitation of the natural growing conditions. For this, the surface of the sand is covered with a layer of snow. The container is covered with polyethylene and placed on the bottom shelf of the refrigerator for 3 months. From time to time it is necessary to moisten the sand, and thawed snow is best suited. After a time, the container is taken out and put into a warm, well-lit place. After a few weeks, the first sprouts sprout, which are planted into the ground at a distance of 3-4 m from each other.

The result of germination largely depends on the quality of the planting material and the maintenance of its growing conditions.

When transplanting sprouted nuts, you need to carefully handle the roots. If they are damaged, the plant will be stunted, grow incorrectly or die at all. What happens next with the seedlings depends on the quality of their care. Care for seedlings after transplantation

After the young tree has appeared on a permanent place in the garden, it still requires care. It is necessary to water the plant plentifully. This also applies to mature trees, moisture is necessary for them to form fruits. 40–50 l of water fall on a sapling up to 1 m.

In addition to watering walnuts are required: fertilizer with organic and mineral substances; loosening the soil around the trunk within a radius of 0.5 m; mulching the surface of the earth with sawdust, pine needles or mowed grass.

These activities allow the roots of the plant to breathe and develop normally, and fertilizers make it possible to obtain all the substances necessary for the growth and formation of fruits.

Hazelnuts are grown in the same way. These two cultures are similar in their requirements for growing conditions and feeding, but walnuts also need pruning.

It is necessary to remove dry and diseased branches, shoots directed inside the crown. Properly cut walnut grows normally and bears fruit well.

If you managed to grow a tree, then wait for the harvest of the nut in the fall. Depending on the precocity of the variety, the dates range from mid-September to late October. You can pick up fallen nuts under a tree or independently knock them off from the branches with special tools - long sticks up to 4 m in length. Cancel reply

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