Each of us in our life more than once wondered what a “variety” is, determining to which category a particular plant belongs. But few people thought about the origin of the word. In the article we will consider the essence and origin of the word "variety", its use in modern science. p> Meaning and origin of the word
"Variety" is derived from the Latin "sors", which means "participation", "variety". Also from the verb "serare", which means "to join together." In Russian, the word began to be used since 1719 during the reign of Peter I. p>
In explanatory dictionaries, the meaning of "variety" is the belonging of something to a given species, a category with certain properties. p>
It may be: p> A discharge that combines several items for quality properties. A group of plants, which is derived by the method of selection, united in one category and endowed with a set of characteristics inherent only in these plants. general information
The word "variety" has many synonyms in Russian. It can be replaced by such words: type, category, gender, division, order, series, class. People often compare what a variety is and: p> Plant species (example: a new variety of dry wheat was developed). Varieties of goods or items (for example: the fabric was of the highest grade). Sometimes it is used in a figurative sense when it comes to people (for example: there is a sort of people who dislike theatrical performances).
There are also many examples of common words. For example: second-rate, sort, assortment, high-grade, second-grade, sorting, re-sorting, sorting, medium-quality, sorted and many more. p> Variety Types
What does "varietal type" mean? Varieties differ in novelty, enterprise value and process for their production. There are such types of them: p> The standard or standard is the best in this climate region. It is an example or a standard to which all other varieties are equal, it is also called a reference one. Perspective - undergoes state testing and is approved for reproduction. Deficient - which is very small, but has high priorities over the old varieties and is subject to reproduction and putting into production at the next variety shift. Intensive - it is used and gives good results of the harvest with intensive care. Linear - which is derived by the method of individual reproduction of any one selected elite culture by vegetative method. Local is a variety that is obtained as a result of natural selection in a particular area. Breeding - created in a scientific laboratory, which is accepted in state production. Comments on the UPOV Convention
The International Convention for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants (UPOV) addresses the notion of what a “variety” is. Article 20 states that he must have his own generic designation and name. Here are 8 points about this. p>
The Convention says that the name “variety” should be identical and designate similar properties and characteristics of plants in all territories of the contracting countries. It is also said that it must meet the requirements and characteristics of the name, and cannot consist of numbers. p>
The Convention states that a new variety should have the following characteristics: p> novelty - a variety will be recognized as new if, at the time of application, the breeder of the variety’s seeds or its plant material was not transferred to other persons; Distinctness - the variety must have its own individual characteristics that distinguish it from those already registered; homogeneity - the variety must retain its characteristics with possible variations (for example, differences in breeding areas); stability - a variety is considered stable provided that its characteristics remain unchanged after several cycles of reproduction. Registers of the varieties
What are plant varieties that are approved for use? This is a list of names of plants that are allowed to: p> use; reproduction; the importation into the relevant region under certain quarantine regulations; selling seeds.
They are collected in the "State Register of Selection achievements. " All genera here are defined by separate groups and compiled in alphabetical order. The State Register identifies the variety code, the name, the year of its inclusion in the State Register and the number of the region in which the variety is allowed to be used. p>
The registry is constantly updated and revised, which allows breeders to display and register new varieties. This edition is an official document of the Ministry of Agriculture of the Russian Federation and the “State Commission of the Russian Federation on Testing and Protection of Breeding Achievements”. p>
The article examined the meaning of the word “variety”, its origin and usage. It can be said that an understanding of the nature of a variety provides an opportunity to understand growing plants. For proper breeding, it is important to distinguish their names and features. p> Also read How red raspberry helps prevent cancer? Stars who returned foster children after adoption Svetlakov reveals family secrets: a year ago he was the third time became father Alla Pugacheva was operated on in the capital of Russia What happens to your breasts when you have no sex? 17 mind-blowing shots untouched by Photoshop