What varieties of tomatoes for the greenhouse to choose - part one - the taste and color of the comrades is not! p>
These colorful tomatoes p>
Long before the start of the new summer season, most gardeners and gardeners ponder over what varieties and hybrids tomatoes will be planted in greenhouses and greenhouses next spring. Everyone wants to pick only the best varieties of tomatoes for greenhouses. But how to determine which of the varieties is the most? p>
For each person the best tomato will be different: someone likes large-fruited tomatoes and the best will be the largest, most red and the sweetest, someone prefers varieties with small fruits - cherry tomatoes, for others the best will be tomatoes that are well preserved, not losing form during heat treatment.
Some people prefer only “classic” red tomatoes, and someone is ready for the seeds of black or white tomatoes, to pay any amount - the price, even very high ones do not stop them.
Let's understand what are the best varieties of tomato for the greenhouse today, what color they are, what is their yield and keeping quality, and also which ones are the most useful for human health. You can also view video material about varieties of tomatoes for closed ground. p> Tomatoes are different: black, yellow, red
As the centuries-old wisdom says, there are no comrades to taste and color. p>
The greenhouse tomato varieties presented today are striking in their variety of colors: p> red; pink yellow; black green; striped
Nutritionists recommend enriching your diet with tomatoes that are not quite familiar to us colors, namely, yellow, orange, white, green, purple and black. According to the latest research of scientists, it is these varieties of tomatoes for greenhouses and greenhouses that contain many healthy nutrients and micro and macronutrients.
However, gardeners who are passionate about growing in greenhouses choose greenhouse and greenhouse varieties of pink and red tomatoes. p> Pink Tomatoes
Greenhouse and greenhouse varieties of tomato have long and firmly taken place in the hearts and greenhouses of many gardeners. They have an excellent, precisely “tomato” taste, and also contribute to the improvement of the human body, since in the process of maturation they accumulate vitamin C, sugars, antioxidants and pectins much more than their red fruit.
Separate pink varieties of tomatoes for greenhouses and greenhouses are distinguished by a very high content of sugars and vitamin C: p> Victoria; "Vernissage"; "Debutante"; "Galaxy"; "Space"; "Satellite"; Pink Spam F1.
Such rose-bearing greenhouse varieties of tomatoes showed themselves perfectly when grown in buried soil: p> "Pink Flamingo F1" - a ripening and tall variety up to 2 m high, with fruits of elongated shape, smooth and glossy, sweet in taste; and reaching a weight of 300 g .;
The fruit of the hybrid "Pink Flamingo" p> "Pink Lady" is an early ripe hybrid of the company Seminis, with flat-round fruits weighing 250-280 g. An important advantage is the high resistance to such diseases as verticillis and fusarium, gray spot; “Pink honey” is a variety of tomatoes whose bush is medium in size and does not require a strong crape (see Pasta of tomatoes, why do we need it?). Fruits are heart-shaped, large, sugary with a small amount of seeds;
Here is such a success "Pink honey"! p> “Pani Yana” is a mid-season variety of a universal type of cultivation (suitable for both open-air and greenhouses and greenhouses) and use. The bush is sprawling, about 60 cm high. The fruits are large, round, growing to 250 g. The fruits are very dense, are well stored and transported;
Ripening Tomatoes "Pani Yana" p> "Slav" - mid-season variety of universal both by the method of cultivation and by the method of use. Depending on growing conditions, the height of the bush can be from 50 to 100 cm. Fruits of elongated shape and medium size. An important feature of this variety is high resistance to tomato diseases and adverse climatic conditions; "Pink Elephant" - a tall plant with large, sweet, slightly flattened fruits weighing 300 g; "Giant of the East (Giant Pink)" is a high-yielding variety of salad destination with very large fruits, whose weight can reach 500 grams; "Bear's Paw" is a medium early variety, which rarely exceeds 1 meter in height. Fruits are large, slightly flattened, individual specimens reach a weight of 1000 g. The variety is drought-resistant and well transported and stored.
Grows in the greenhouse "Bear Paw" p> Orange Tomatoes
Tomatoes with orange color of fruits contain more pectins than lychedenum than red tomatoes. This substance is an antioxidant that can protect against various diseases of the heart and blood vessels, and also significantly reduces the risk of cancer.
Those who are more "like" the fruits of orange, can grow these varieties: p> "Orange" - a variety with good dessert taste and bright orange-yellow, rounded fruits. Shrubs are not very high 60-80cm, but powerful and heavily leafy;
Ripens tomato varieties "Orange" p> "Bull's Orange Heart" is a late-ripening, large-fruited tomato variety of national selection. The bush is quite tall and can reach 2m. The fruits are large, fleshy, heart-shaped, the weight of which can reach 400g; “Orange Jubilee” is a large-fruited, determinant variety of salad destination, with a mid-ripening period. Fruits leveled, yellow-orange color, weighing up to 400g .;
Orange Jubilee p> “Firebird F1” is a stunted variety with fruits weighing up to 400 g, rounded, resistant to cracking. Due to the dense skin, the fruits lie for a long time and do not over-ripen; besides, they tolerate transportation very well and are well transported;
Here it is - “Firebird” in the greenhouse! p> “Zero” is not a high and early ripe variety, unpretentious and fruitful. The weight of orange-yellow fruits is 160-180 g. They contain a large amount of beta-carotene vitamins, so they are recommended for baby and dietary foods; The Orange Giant (Orange Giant) is a mid-ripening variety with a powerful and tall shrub reaching 1.5-1.8 m. The fruits have a bright orange color, ribbed and large, with a flat-round shape, weighing 300-400g .; “Koenigsberg gold” is an indeterminant-type variety, with a good set of dense and even fruits of elongated-oval shape, weighing up to 400-450 g. The content of carotene is very high in fruits of this variety;
Tomato varieties "Golden Kenigsberg" in section p> “Japanese orange truffle” is a tall variety that needs to be tied up and pinned. The fruits are fleshy, shaped like a pear with small ribs. Each brush usually grows 5-6 fruits weighing up to 150g.
Pear-shaped Tomatoes "Japanese Orange Truffle" p> “Honey Spas” is a determinant type tomato, whose bush height is 0.6-1.5 m and depends on growing conditions. Tomatoes of medium early ripening, regular round shape, aligned with a rare orange-orange color, sweetish "sugar" taste.
Beautiful orange "Honey Spas" p> Yellow tomatoes
The main difference between yellow and red tomatoes is not their color, but the content of various important nutrients. Yellow tomatoes get their color due to the high content of provitamin A, which is responsible not only for the color, but also helps fight cancer of the genitourinary system.
In addition, greenhouse and greenhouse varieties of yellow tomatoes are much less calories than red tomatoes, and the substances that can provoke an allergic reaction in them are much less.
Those gardeners who are very fond of greenhouse tomatoes, but at the same time prone to allergic manifestations on red fruits, With pleasure they grow greenhouse varieties of yellow tomato.
Such as: p> “Golden Heart” is a variety of early ripening, with a strong shrub 30-40 cm high. It forms a simple brush, in which, usually, 5-7 fruits. Fruits are dense and large, heart-shaped. When mature, they have a golden orange color;
A similar form to the human heart is the Golden Heart variety. p> “Gemstone Golden F1” is a mid-season variety of indeterminate type with a large number of leaves. Forms a simple brush, in which 6-10 fruits are egg-shaped. They have a rich bright yellow color and weigh up to 60 g. An important quality of this variety is resistance to tobacco mosaic virus and cladosporiosis. Universal purpose: it is good both in salads, and in preservation; “Dina” is a medium early variety, not quite high - 60-70 cm. Fruits are yellowish-orange in color, sweet in taste, the weight of which is mainly 100-150g, individual specimens can reach up to 300g; "Persimmon" This variety has fruits in color and shape resembling persimmon. Their color is yellow-orange, and the average weight is about 200g;
Variety of yellow tomatoes "Persimmon" p> “Wonder of the World” - has beautiful, leveled yellow fruits that look like lemons. Up to 12 kg of tomatoes can be harvested from the bush. Indeterminate plant, if not limited in growth, can grow more than 3 m;
Tomatoes like lemons are a sort of “Wonder of the World” p> “Radunitsa” is a middle-ripening (110-115 days from planting to ripening) variety of a universal type of cultivation, intended both for open ground and for greenhouses. The plant when grown in greenhouses can reach 150 cm. Large pear-shaped fruits have a sweetish taste; “Sweet donut” - an early ripe variety of tomatoes (from sowing to ripening 85-100 days), a universal type of cultivation and use. The plant is not very high - 50-100cm. Maximum growth is achieved when grown in a greenhouse. Fruits are medium sized, rounded; “Gigantic yellow” is a mid-early ripening period, fruitful variety of which has bright yellow fruits weighing up to 200 grams.
Really big and yellow "Yellow Giant" p>
Important: among other things, yellow and orange varieties of tomato for greenhouses and greenhouses contain such a rare substance like myocin. This substance not only helps to strengthen the vascular walls, but also serves as a catalyst for many substances - antioxidants.
The yellow and orange varieties of greenhouse tomatoes significantly exceed the content of myocin's red and green-bearing tomatoes. p>
In the second part of the article we will look at tomato varieties of such exotic colors as purple, black, white and green (see Which varieties of tomatoes for the greenhouse to choose - part two). Do not remain without attention and "striped" tomatoes. p>
parnik-teplitsa.ru p> The best varieties of tomatoes for greenhouses for 2016.
Autumn and winter does not mean at all that our summer troubles are over. In verification of the day, the vegetable gardener has already raised the main question: what kind of tomatoes to plant in 2016? Which cucumbers to choose next year for planting? What time is it worth sowing pepper next spring? And is it worth next year to grow cabbage with seedlings? We will try to answer one of these questions, which concerns planting tomatoes (tomatoes). p>
Interesting varieties of tomatoes can be found in the list of seeds offered to us, which can be bought both in specialized stores and online stores. Choose the best varieties of tomatoes for greenhouses is very difficult, given the abundance of varieties and hybrids that are sold in stores. When buying tomato seeds, you should consider: p> yield, frost resistance, susceptibility to diseases, taste and climatic conditions.
To facilitate the choice - what varieties of tomatoes for greenhouses to choose, we give a recommendation from an experienced gardener: p>
“In my greenhouse I grow, of course, mostly indites. Varieties of all colors and flavors, for salads, for kids (cherry tomatoes, of course) and for pickling juices. I will not advise on varieties - all is one - the year is not necessary for a year. And I advise you to stick in the foreground a few early ripening undersized bushes - the tomatoes will be earlier than the open ground and before the Indians in the greenhouse. " p>
Indeterminate Tomatoes p>
Tomatoes indents are indeterminate tomatoes, tomatoes that are constantly growing. They are tall and their stem growth is unlimited. The first inflorescence on such tomatoes is formed after the seventh-twelfth leaf, the next every three leaves. Indeterminate varieties and hybrids of tomatoes are the best varieties of tomatoes in 2016 for greenhouses, as they grow constantly and bear fruit until late autumn. p>
There are many hybrids and varieties, the earliest hybrid F1 F1 Eupator C5F2N. Is suitable both for film greenhouses, and for glazed. Its fruits are rounded, with a perfectly smooth surface, weighing 140–160 g, intense red color with high taste. The hybrid is genetically resistant to cracking and apical rot of fruits, cladosporia, Fusarium and Gall nematodes. p>
The main thing is to understand what interests us in the tomatoes that we are going to grow. Perhaps it is the color of a vegetable? Now you can buy yellow tomato seeds (“Date Yellow”, “Firebird”, “Amber Cup”, “Dragon Heart”, “Golden Fish”), white (“Lotos”, “White Sugar”, “Snow White”, “ White Snow "), as well as purple (" Dance with the Smurfs "," Blueberries "," Black Cluster "), orange (" Persimmon "," Wonder of the World "," Orange Heart "," Golden Fleece ") and even black ( "Ethiop", "Indigo Rose") tomatoes. p>
And perhaps we are primarily interested in the size of the fetus. Tomato can be a real giant in favorable growing conditions. But maybe we will be interested in a medium-sized tomato, which by its “ideal forms” is more like a work of art than a vegetable for canning (it is more convenient to put these varieties in the bottle). p>
For example, I really like the varieties of small cherry tomatoes, which cause emotion when you see them on a bush. Fertility of a shrub or high-low height of a plant, as well as resistance of a variety to diseases, can also become a search criterion. And perhaps early greenhouse tomato varieties that can be grown in a greenhouse will be interesting. p> Tomatoes early for film greenhouses and greenhouses 2016. Which tomatoes to plant in the new season.
The best early tomatoes are often indeterminal (the growth of the main stem in which does not stop). They are tall types of tomatoes, which is a convenience when growing in small areas. Here are some of them: p> "Sprinter F1". One of the earliest hybrids. Fruits of red color are round and flat, weighing 150-200 gr. "Kronos F1". Red dense fruits weighing 130-180 grams. One of the most recommended hybrids for film greenhouses. "Samurai F1" pink. Rounded slightly flattened fruit, about 200 grams in size. pink color has excellent keeping quality and good taste. "Pisa F1". Fruits plum-shaped red, collected in a brush. Mass of one tomato 90-120 gr. The ripening of fruits of one hand is almost simultaneous. "Machaon F1". Round pink fruits have an attractive appearance and good taste. Fruit weight 180-210 gr.
to article content ↑ p> Large-fruited tomato varieties for greenhouses
If you are interested in growing high-yielding large-fruited tomatoes (beef-tomatoes) that have good taste and “fleshy” pulp, but are not intended for canning, pay attention to such time-tested and new varieties of tomatoes for greenhouses as: p> "Grandma's Secret". Fruits of crimson-red color, reach up to 1000 gr. weights, very tasty. "King of the Giants." Fruits are red, flat-round, 600-1000 gr. "Bull's Heart" (pink). Fruits are pink in color, sizes on the lower inflorescences reach 900-1000 gr., On inflorescences higher - 200-400 gr. The variety has a high taste. "Gardener". Red fleshy fruit, round, weighing up to 400 grams. Salad variety. "Orange". A round, orange fruit, resembling an orange, reaches a weight of 400 grams. "Mazarin." The fruit is heart-shaped, red-crimson colors. Reaches weight 600 gr. Sweet salad variety. "Scorpio". Fruits weighing up to 800 grams. may be pink or crimson, depending on the lighting in the greenhouse.
Large-fruited tomato varieties for low greenhouses: p> Igranda - an early variety that is resistant to weather changes, gives a bountiful harvest, Beef - a middle-ripening variety with red fleshy fruits, weighing 200 grams, a hybrid Resource - long-fruiting, has fruits weighing 150 grams, a large-fruited Russian Troika hybrid gives fruits weighing 200 grams with a plant height of 50 - 60 cm, hybrid Major - a low bush is able to produce fruits weighing up to 300 grams.
Mid-season grade Beef p>
to article content ↑ p> Tall tomatoes for greenhouses
Tall tomatoes are good because: first, many of them are early in ripening; secondly, they occupy less space in the greenhouse, but at the same time have more inflorescences on the bush, and hence higher yields than those of low-growing varieties; thirdly, they bear fruit until late autumn, which again increases the amount of the harvested crop. Among tall come across such interesting varieties of tomatoes as: p> Watermelon. The whip reaches two meters in length. Fruits 90-110 gr. on average, they have a red color with not pronounced stripes, similar to watermelon stripes. The shape of the fruit can be round and rounded flat. The Scarlet Mustang. The plant grows no more than 2 meters. Fruits of red color resemble rather a small cucumber or red pepper, i.e. have an elongated shape up to 25 cm. The weight of the fruit reaches 200 or more grams. "Verlioka F1". Grow up to 2 meters or more. Fruits have a rounded, slightly ribbed surface, reaching a weight of 60-90 grams. De Barao. This amazing type of tomato has a lot of colors - red, pink, yellow, black, striped. Scourge plants are usually more than 2 meters. Fruits in the form of "cream" weighing 50-100 grams. on average - 80 grams. "Sweet Cherry F1". Reaches a height of 4 meters. The red fruits look like a ping-pong ball, one brush can contain more than 20 tomatoes. Tasty fruits and a decorative type of a bunch, distinguish this grade of a tomato and draw attention of summer residents.
We hope our advice helped you make a choice from a variety of varieties of tomatoes, and plan which tomatoes for 2016 you would like to see on your site. p>
to article content ↑ p> New tomato varieties for 2016 for high greenhouses: Semko Hybrid is disease resistant, early ripe, with fleshy, sweet fruits 200-400 g each, Semko-18, F1 productive hybrids Important Person and Juggler, varieties of Siberian Velmozh series - large pink fruits, Sedek seed production, Pink Tsar - tall, for salads, with fruits 300 g, raspberry, tomato Tyutchev - red fruits weighing 400 - 500 g.
Tomatoes "Black Prince" p>
to article content ↑ p> Interesting varieties of tomatoes for growing in garden greenhouses.
Large-fruited undersized tomatoes suitable for growing in low greenhouses and mini-greenhouses in the country: p> Paradise - greenhouse tomatoes, height 1.2 m, high-yielding: 6-8 large tomatoes ripen in each brush, weighing up to 200g, Raja is short, early, dark red, large-fruited (up to 300g), Hermitage variety suitable for growing in the North-West region, early, abundant variety, fruit weight 100 g, Igranda and Pavlovskaya rose - early abundant varieties that are resistant to sudden changes in weather.
Small-fruited undersized fruit varieties of tomatoes, suitable for growing in low greenhouses: p> The skorokhod is only 50 cm tall, therefore it is ideal for growing in low greenhouses, abundant and unpretentious, Biotech offers quite good tomato varieties for growing in modern polycarbonate greenhouses - this is Lollipop, Emerald Gemstone, Unsyncable - 105, Raisin, Firm “Search” - Yellow delicacy (non-friable greenhouse variety with fleshy fruits), Picket (Siberian series, non-filling, low, with elongated fruits up to 60 g, bright red color). tomato Sanka production Falita - ultra early, ultra determinant (fruiting on the stepsons, dense red fruits 80-100 gr (agrofirm Aelita).
It is believed that small-fruited low-growing tomatoes for low greenhouses are characterized by the fact that they do not need to be formed and stepson. In part, this is true, all small-fruited, undersized tomatoes are varieties of tomatoes without pasynkovaniya. They can be planted in an unheated greenhouse, closer to tall ones. Wait until the early varieties give up their crop and remove them. However, in order to increase yields, it is better to stepchild them. (How to pinch low-growing tomatoes) p>
Cherry tomato varieties for greenhouses and greenhouses p>
Cherry varieties and hybrids are tomatoes with small fruits, weighing no more than 25 g. Their peculiarity is that they are very sweet and tasty. Usually, these are early ripening and tall tomatoes. On one brush can form on average from 16 to 20 fruits. p>
The color of tomatoes can be different - yellow, pink, red, orange, green and the shape is round, elongated, drop-shaped. Such multi-colored clusters of tomatoes are a beautiful decoration of the garden. They can be grown on balconies, in flowerpots and even in hanging pots. p>
Cherry tomatoes p>
You can choose cherry cherry cherry varieties: p> Minibel Tomato cherry F1 Cherry Bonsai Red cherry and Yellow cherry F1 Golden F1 bead Marishka F1 Zelenushka
superda4nik.ru p> Choosing together the best varieties of tomatoes for greenhouses, both glass and film. What properties should have the best tomatoes for greenhouses with film shelter?
To get an early harvest and prolong the fruiting of tomatoes, they are grown in unheated film greenhouses. They create a favorable microclimate, but not all of its parameters can be maintained at an optimum value, therefore tomatoes for film greenhouses should have the following properties: p> resistance to changes in air temperature. Under the film, air temperature fluctuations are quite significant. The film does not retain heat, so at night the temperature drops to the level of the environment, and during the day it becomes very hot in a closed greenhouse. To form a crop in such conditions not every tomato can. rapid formation of the crop. In the summer, most of the film is removed from the coating and the conditions approach the open ground. Bushes can be affected by many diseases, so it is necessary that the crop be formed before this point. early maturation. Early production has a higher price and demand, which increases the profit from growing and allows you to enjoy the first tomatoes from the garden in early summer. determinant type of bush. With this type of branching, the bush of the brush is formed very often, after 1-2 true leaves, which makes it possible to get a high early harvest, but this requires increased nutrient input. transportable commodity fruits. The fruits obtained should have a dense skin so that they can be easily transported over long distances to more northern areas, where the price of early tomatoes is much higher, and in the local market products will maintain their marketable qualities for a long time. high yield. The return from the bush should cover the cost of its cultivation, so the preference is given to high-yielding tomatoes. resistance to major diseases and pests of tomatoes. If the plant has immunity genes for a particular disease, the presence of an infection around will not cause the disease. Preference is given to the variety with the largest number of such genes.
The combination of all parameters in one variety is not always possible, therefore, choosing the one suitable for film greenhouses, first of all, pay attention to the first parameters in the above designated list. p> The best varieties of tomatoes for greenhouses with film cover
Beautiful lady F1. Modern domestic tomato from the company "Ilinichna", which has a large number of necessary properties for film greenhouses. It has increased resistance to stressful conditions, can form ovaries at very low air temperatures and tolerates hot day conditions. Together and early forms the harvest. The ripening of the first tomatoes begins already on the 95th day of the emergence of shoots. Shrub lays the first brush after 7-8 of this, the next - after 1-2. It is formed in 1-2 stems with a planting density of 3 pcs. per square meter In a brush 5-7 practically identical round fruits with dense tasty pulp are formed. There are genes of immunity to a number of dangerous diseases: viral, fusarium wilt, as many as five rasporosporiosis. Productivity reaches 4,5-5 kg from one bush. p>
Tomato Kostroma F1 from the company "Gavrish" won its popularity due to the combination of a large number of necessary properties. It is highly resistant to sudden changes in humidity and air temperature. Differs amicable recoil early harvest. From germination to ripening of the first tomato, 106-109 days pass. Ploskookrugly tomatoes, uniformly colored bright red, reach 120-140 grams. The first brush appears after 8-9 of this sheet, the next - after 1-2 sheets. It has immunity genes to a large number of diseases: TMV, fusarium wilt, and to several races of cladoospori blotch. You can get 4.6-4.8 kg from one bush. p>
Lola F1, another great stress-resistant tomato from the company "Ilinichna". Early (the first fruits ripen on 100-110 days from germination) and together forms a crop. The plant very often lays out the brush, so that the first 3 are formed after 1-2 sheets, and the subsequent brushes are located opposite the sheet, this type of formation is called "serpentine". When planting 3 plants per square meter. they are led in one stalk, but practically no cracking is required. A simple brush forms 7-9 beautiful rounded fruits weighing about 150 g intensely red. The flesh has a harmonious sweet taste with a slight sourness. It has immunity genes not only for a large number of diseases, including five races of clavosporiosis, Fusarium, viral diseases, but also for pests - the gall nematode. Ripens up to 5 kg of fruits from one plant. p>
These varieties have proven not only in greenhouses, but also stand out as the best varieties in the open field. p> What properties should varieties of tomatoes have for greenhouses covered with glass?
In glass greenhouses it is quite easy to regulate the conditions for growing vegetables. Usually they are heated, so cultivation is possible in winter and in the Far North. The created microclimate is favorable in a glass room for plant growth, but for diseases and pests these conditions are also quite good. The parameters that tomatoes should have for glass greenhouses are as follows: p> indeterminant, with unlimited growth, type of bush. These plants uniformly form the brush through three true leaves, which makes it easy to regulate fertilizing with fertilizer, and makes it easier to form a shrub and lower it onto a trellis. Uniform maturation of the crop with this type of bush makes it easy to plan the work of cleaning and marketing products. high yield. The cost of energy for heating and lighting up greatly increases the cost of production, so the yield should be maximum in order to profit from growing. disease resistance. For glass greenhouses, disease resistance is a rather topical issue, but if you comply with sanitary and hygienic requirements, the infection may not penetrate into the growing area. storage time. Typically, products from glass greenhouses are sold throughout the country, so tomatoes must maintain commercial quality for a long period, but if they are sold on the local market, then preference is given to high taste. coloring of fruits. Red coloring of tomatoes is considered natural and their predominant amount on the seed market. Recently, greenhouse tomatoes with an exotic color, such as pink or orange, are also in demand. The best varieties of tomato for a greenhouse covered with glass
Titanic F1. One of the best tomatoes of domestic breeding, created in the company "Ilinichna". Surpasses the best varieties of tomatoes for greenhouses of this type in many ways. Slow-growing shrub forms large, incredibly sweet fruits. The first crop ripens on the 113th day after germination. Fruit set takes place even under adverse conditions. Due to the weak formation of stepsons requires a smaller amount of maintenance work. Large tomatoes weighing 200 grams have a delicious taste, accumulating up to 6% of sugars. Have red coloring with a beautiful pink shade. Plants have immunity genes not only for a variety of diseases, including 5 races of plague, fusarium wilt, viruses, but also pests - gall nematodes. Good for fresh consumption. p>
Alcazar F1. A wonderful tomato of domestic breeding from the company "Gavrish". It combines not only high early, but also increased total yield. Good fruit set, not only in low light in the winter, but with a high temperature in the summer. The plant is vigorous with stable uniform fruiting. It has a more powerful root system than the well-known tomato Eupator F1, so the tip does not become thinner with a high load of fruits. Short internodes allow more often to form a brush on the stem, which gives a significant increase in yield. The first tomatoes ripen on 110-115 day. They have a rounded shape and a dense smooth skin, resistant to mechanical stress. It has genes of resistance to vertex rot and skin cracking, fusarium wilt, TMV, and cladosporia leaf spot. p>
Tomato Mikado pink. He deserves great popularity among gardeners for an attractive pink color and high taste and superior tomato varieties for greenhouses in these properties. Powerful plant requires pinching. It forms the first harvest very early, on the 96-102 day it is already possible to start harvesting it. The plant starts 12-15 fairly large fruits with an average weight of 250-300 g, but some can reach more than 900 g. Incredibly tasty juicy flesh will bring real pleasure. Well used in salads and for making juices. There is a small drawback in the fruit - they can crack with sharp fluctuations in soil moisture. p>
Tomato Pink Elephant. Another popular representative of rose tomatoes. A powerful bush that requires forming, has extraordinary potato leaves. Forms large flat-rounded tomatoes weighing 250-300 grams, some of them can reach record sizes - up to a kilogram. In taste, these fruits are superior to many other varieties. It has a general resistance to major diseases. p>
Tomato South tan. A variety with an extraordinary pepper shape and exotic orange color of tomatoes of Siberian selection. The plant evenly forms brushes with fruits weighing 110-150 grams, which contain an increased amount of provitamin A. The first fruits ripen at 110-115 days after germination. The pulp is dense, juicy, very tasty. Can be used for diet food. The plant is relatively resistant to diseases and forms up to 8 kg of lettuce tomatoes. p>
We offer to choose the most liked from the proposed varieties and grow a high crop of tomatoes in any greenhouse. p>
grounde.ru p> Large-fruited tomato varieties for greenhouses and their growing conditions
Probably every greenhouse grower wants to grow the most beautiful rose, the biggest pumpkin or the longest zucchini. Just to show off to friends and acquaintances. But large varieties of tomatoes for greenhouses are not planted for this. Tomatoes, differing in impressive size, are usually sweeter and tastier than their medium-sized or small counterparts. p>
Giant tomato p> What are good large-fruited tomatoes
Every spring, deciding which varieties of tomato to plant in the greenhouse, we think about what the harvest will go. If only the food is fresh, the main thing is the taste. p>
If the canning in the whole form - the size of the fruit and their density, the ability to maintain shape during temperature processing. If for sale - the ease and stiffness of the skin. p>
Fresh Tomato Salad p>
As a rule, no one is limited to any one variety, because you want to eat plenty of fresh tomatoes, and prepare juices and pickles for the winter, and get profit selling surplus. p>
But big tomatoes plant everything, and here's why: p> They are delicious. For fresh salads and use in the "live" form - the best; They are juicy, so they are ideal for making juices, sauces, ketchups and fills;
Council For the preparation of tomatoes in their own juice pouring is best done precisely from large, sweet and juicy tomatoes. They usually have a thin peel that is easily separated from the pulp. p> Large varieties of tomato for greenhouses are tall and productive plants, so the shelter area is used as efficiently as possible.
Experienced gardeners have time-tested favorite varieties. But they are also following with interest the appearance of new ones, especially hybrid ones, which are distinguished not only by good resistance to diseases and unpretentiousness to growing conditions, but also by an unusual shape or color. p>
Senor-tomato weighing 1.5 kg Italian grooved varieties p>
Further you will find information about the most popular varieties of tomatoes and learn how to grow large tomatoes in the greenhouse. p> Top Grades
The largest fruits give indeterminate tomato varieties, distinguished by their tallness and liana-like structure of bushes. With the growth of 1.5-2 meters and above, they maximize the use of the volume of the greenhouse, in contrast to low-growing determinant tomatoes, allowing you to get higher yields from the same area. p>
Yield in the greenhouse p>
If you operate with figures, then you can call the average weight of 12-15 kg - just as much crop can be removed for a season from one square meter of greenhouse, in which indeterminant varieties of tomatoes are grown. But you can get even more, from 20-25 kg per square meter, if you plant in it hybrids - specially bred varieties. p>
We give a small review of the best varieties with a brief description. p> Indeterminate varieties
The largest fruits are always formed from the first flower ovaries. Depending on the variety, they can reach 600-800 grams, and with the right agricultural technology, even more. p>
We'll talk about the cultivation technique a bit later, but for now we are offering you a list of those tomato varieties that deserve love and recognition from vegetable growers. p> Mazarin. In industrial greenhouses, they reach a height of 1.5-1.8 meters. It has heart-shaped fruits of crimson color with an average weight of 600 g (700-800 g first and about 400 g subsequent). The main destination - for fresh salads. Scorpion is large-fruited. Suitable for growing only in greenhouses, where it gives a fairly early harvest. An interesting feature of this variety is a change in color depending on the intensity of illumination. Fruits can be pink or bright crimson, their weight reaches 800 g. They ripen well, after being removed from the bush with green ones, without cracking. Cardinal Mid-season large-fruited tomatoes for greenhouses up to 2 meters high. The fruits are sweet, fleshy, crimson and heart-shaped, weighing 800-900 grams. Suitable for fresh consumption, and for winter harvesting. Bear Paw. Very productive middle-early variety with red flat-round fruits. Tomatoes weighing up to 800 grams are fleshy, sugar on a break. Plants are very tall and bushy, require garters and regular pinching, land no more than three per square meter.
Tomato Bear's Paw p> Grandma's secret. Despite the average growth of 1.5 meters for indeterminant varieties, this tomato belongs to the category of super large-fruited. The mass of fruits can reach one kilogram or more. They have few seeds and a lot of fleshy pulp with excellent taste. The virtue of the variety is the possibility of growing in the difficult climatic conditions of Siberia. Suitable for blanks. Goose egg New variety of universal appointment with dense oval bright red fruits of the medium-large size (about 300 grams). Great for canning whole and slicing in salads. Quickly survive after removal from the bush. De Barao is a giant. Perhaps the most popular tomato along with the Bull Heart and the Raspberry Giant, about which a little lower. The variety is medium late, suitable for growing both in greenhouses and in open ground. Unusual fruits of a cubic form differ in excellent taste and juiciness. Their weight is relatively small - about 300 grams, so they are suitable for both fresh salads, and for processing and preservation in whole or in slices. King of the Giants. Another variety of Siberian breeding, yielding 7-8 kg from one bush. Depending on growing conditions, it can reach a height of 1.7-1.8 meters, but the average height is about 1.2 meters. The advantage is good keeping quality. Suitable for transportation with the subsequent sale.
The price of tomatoes depends on their appearance. p> The Crimson Giant. The ribbed flat-rounded crimson-pink fruits of this plant reach different degrees of fineness depending on the order of formation of the ovaries, but rarely less than 200 grams. Sweet, fleshy, do not crack, suitable for all types of canning. Get up early enough. Bull heart On a sprawling bush you can find fruits of various shapes and sizes weighing from 150 to 500 grams. It is appreciated for a special sweet taste, which is preserved after processing. Hybrids
Compared with ordinary tall large-fruited tomatoes, F1 hybrids are more resistant to unfavorable growing conditions and less demanding to care. These unpretentious and very productive plants are able to bear fruit even in conditions of sudden temperature changes and in low light conditions, which often happens in unheated and not equipped with additional lighting greenhouses. p>
At the same time, they are well resisted to various diseases that ordinary tomatoes are subject to. That is why it is better to choose hybrids, especially if you can not provide with your own hands in the greenhouse the optimal microclimate for these plants. p>
Seeds of hybrids can be found on the F1 label on the package p>
Note. F1 hybrids can be grown only from purchased seeds. Seeds collected independently from the fruits of their own crop or will not germinate, or will not have all the qualities of the parent plant. p>
Hybrid varieties also differ in different terms of ripening. The most stable and unpretentious - early and mid-early. They should be planted in light film covers or unheated greenhouses. p> Ural F1. Adapted to growing in the Ural region in glass and film greenhouses. Seedlings are sown for seedlings in February-March. Needs tying and pinching. Gives smooth round fruits salad destination weighing up to 350-400 grams. The total yield - 8 kg from one bush.
Sort Ural p> Krasnobay F1. Super-productive mid-late variety, capable, with proper care, of producing up to 40 kg of fruit per square meter. The fruits are even, flat-round, with excellent taste, weighing 350-500 grams. Universal purpose. F1 handbag. Early, tall, grown exclusively in greenhouses. Sweet sugary fruits weighing 200-400 grams are most suitable for fresh consumption. Cavalcade F1. Very unpretentious large tomatoes for greenhouses of early ripening. In the southern regions can be grown in open ground, in the middle lane and to the north - in shelters. The fruits are very large, tasty. The plant is particularly resistant to nematode damage. Gilgal F1. Among large tall hybrids is considered one of the earliest. Productivity reaches 35 kg from square meter. Large, up to 300-350 grams fruits have good keeping quality and a pleasant taste. Volgograd F1. Variety in its characteristics similar to the previous one, but refers to the mid-season. Excellent and long stored, tolerates transportation. Russian size F1 and Siberian F1. Super giants. With an average fruit weight of about 500 g, the largest can reach 2.5-2.8 kg. At the same time they have a wonderful taste and aroma.
The photo shows the true size of these giants. p> The technology of growing large-fruited tomatoes
Practically all indeterminant tomato varieties, both ordinary and hybrids, grow strongly upwards and sideways. In the leaf axils, new shoots appear, forming additional stems with floral tassels. p>
If you allow them to grow as you like, the fruits will be small and even in the greenhouse you will not wait for them to fully mature, as the plants simply do not have enough time and energy for it. p>
Therefore, the following instructions are required to perform if you want to achieve good results. p> Tall tomatoes immediately after disembarking in the greenhouse should begin to stepchild, leaving only one or two stems. This process consists in removing lateral shoots in the early stages of their regrowth and is performed periodically as new shoots appear.
Council To the stepson did not appear in the old place again, leave in its place a stump of 1.5-2 cm, do not break out completely. p>
Masking p> On each stem, leave no more than 3-6 flower brushes. When the plant reaches the maximum height or after the last floral brush has been formed, the tops should be pinned, leaving 2-3 leaves above the brush. This will limit the growth and redirect the power of tomatoes to the ripening of fruits. So that the bushes do not lay down on the ground or break under the weight of the fruits, they must be tied up with supports. For tall plants, it is best to arrange vertical trellis, pulling the wire over them, with which strong cords or ropes hang down. Stalks are twisted around these ropes as they grow. Brushes with fruits should be tied up separately.
Tying saves plants and diseases p>
All other activities are no different from growing medium and short growing varieties with small and medium-sized fruits. p> Conclusion
Even in a greenhouse, it is impossible to guarantee the maintenance of normal conditions, if nature suddenly decides to show off. You should not hope for the quality and good germination of seeds, and that the long-familiar and proven variety will not let you down this time. Plant several varieties with different properties and ripening periods at once, do not overlook the new, recently bred hybrid tomatoes. p>
The choice of hundreds of varieties offered by modern breeders is, of course, difficult, and here you can only rely on your experience and expert opinion. p>
We recommend that you definitely watch the video in this article to get more visual information on this topic. p>
There is a similar article on this topic - Growing tomatoes in the greenhouse and in the open field. p> Varieties of varieties
Breeders divide all varieties of tomatoes into two categories, which include: p> Determinant varieties are varieties that grow into a somewhat limited characteristic. So, the tomato bush grows to a certain brush and stops its growth altogether. It turns out the bush is short, but perfectly suitable for planting in the greenhouse. Indeterminate varieties - grow as long as the weather is favorable with its temperature indicators. Are grown up in most cases in a greenhouse or in the center of a large greenhouse. These varieties are more resistant to weather conditions, so they make up a large proportion of the planted tomatoes.
Surprisingly, but among the indeterminant varieties, the most popular and sought-after seeds “Budenovka” are distinguished. This variety is good with all its main characteristics: up to one and a half meters high, the first harvest 100 days after the seedlings emerge, the possibility of growing both in the greenhouse and in the open field. p>
This variety also does not require any additional care and is great for novice gardeners. It is possible to harvest at least 4-5 kg from one bush, and if you create favorable climatic conditions, all 7 kg. p> Fruitful varieties of tomatoes, video: Selection of varieties of tomatoes
Many novice gardeners make the main mistake in choosing a variety of tomatoes, relying on the “honesty” of specialty shop sellers. Often it happens that purchasing high-yielding seeds according to the assurances of the sellers, after their planting the promised growth is not observed. p>
What is the reason? It's all about zoning. Remember that each variety of tomatoes is suitable for planting only in certain climatic conditions, which should correspond to the region. If the selected variety is not zoned for your residence, then it is meaningless to wait for a high and fruitful crop. p>
Before going to a specialized store, be sure to find out which types are suitable for planting in your area. Otherwise, for the excellent harvest will have to create suitable conditions. p> The most productive seeds of tomatoes of the Siberian selection
Siberia is a rather peculiar and somewhat “cruel” region in relation to fruitful crops. Here you should be attentive to the choice of seeds, because the slightest mistakes as a result will leave you without any harvest and salting for the winter. p>
It should also be noted that the Siberian selection belongs to the most popular seeds, because their cold resistance and other positive characteristics allow them to be used for planting in any region of Russia. p>
In addition, varieties belonging to the Siberian selection, have a huge selection, also divided into groups depending on the growth of bushes and fruitfulness, planting time and features of independent cultivation. So, today there are the following collections of Siberian selection: p> "Seeds of Altai"; "Siberian Garden"; Sibiriad.
Each collection has up to several dozen varieties, the fruits of which have differences in size, weight, color and other features. The characteristics and description of the variety affect both the choice and the result. p> Early tomato varieties
Of course, early sorts of tomatoes are popular in the Siberian region, including: p>
1. “Ultra-Early” - the variety comes to taste hostesses, since the fruits of small sizes of these seeds are ideal for canning. The average weight of one tomato is only 100 g, and the harvest can be expected within a month and a half after the first entries of the seedlings. p>
The bush itself reaches a maximum maximum of 50 cm in height, therefore it is suitable both for planting in a small greenhouse, and under the open ground. These seeds belong to the collection "Siberian Garden". p>
2. "Demidov" - a small height of the bush (only 50 cm) and the weight of one tomato in 200 g makes these seeds popular in cultivation for the further use of fruits in the preparation of salads. It has a little sweet taste. p>
3. To the same characteristics from the selection "Siberian Garden" can be attributed, and the seeds "Nastya". The fruits of the presented variety reach 300 g in weight, which makes them popular in cultivation as a production of various tomato pastes and other preservation. The hostesses from "Demidov" and "Nastya" just loved. p>
4. “Heavyweight Siberia” - large fruit sizes and tastes are more suitable for conservation. This variety can withstand all weather conditions and is intended for cultivation in open ground. Does not need to pinch. p>
5. "Abakansky pink" - a unique and slightly unusual variety. Differs from other varieties by weight in 900 g. p>
6. Also among the early varieties of tomatoes from the Siberian selection include such seeds as "Ballerina", "Petrusha gardener", "Moscow pear" and other varieties. p> What varieties are planted in the greenhouse
Despite the purpose of planting some seeds in all weather conditions, novice gardeners are still interested in the question: which tomatoes are better planted in the greenhouse? For most gardeners, it is the greenhouse that becomes the equipment that makes it possible to grow tomatoes in the beds almost all year round. p>
It refers more to the Siberian selection, but with the landing in temperate or warm regions. Directly in Siberia, year-round cultivation of tomatoes in greenhouses is impossible due to the harsh climatic conditions. p>
For cultivation in greenhouses produce the best varieties of tomatoes, such as: p> "The Miracle of the Earth" - grown only in greenhouses, because they are vulnerable to the harsh climate and weather conditions. Shrubs reach about 2 m. The peculiarity of the fruit lies in their bright pink color. The large size of the tomatoes themselves are used in the preservation and preparation of salads. "Grandma's secret" - fruits can reach 1 kg in weight, which makes them popular, because the growth of the bush itself grows about 150-170 cm and requires growing in greenhouses, albeit optional. Fruits from the bushes can be expected within 100 days after germination. “Scarlet candles” are seeds that differ from other representatives by the simultaneous ripening of fruits. The bush reaches great heights, therefore it needs a garter. "Pink honey" - the very name of the variety indicates the color of the fruits of tomatoes. To be grown only in the greenhouse, it has medium-sized tomatoes, has a characteristic sweetish taste. The last bred of the Siberian breeding includes the “King of the Giants”. These seeds differ in their size of bushes, as well as in rather large fruits. Low-growing tomatoes for outdoor soil without staking
If we talk about the care of tomatoes in the process of their growth, it should be noted imperative condition of pinching. But the gardeners themselves say that when growing in the south of Russia, the removal of leaves from the bush is not required, but as you move to the North, care becomes more and more difficult. p>
But there are such seeds that do not require carrying out the pinching in principle. They grow fruitfully without flaws and without flaws, and in any climatic conditions. p>
To the undersized varieties of tomatoes without pasynkovaniya include: p> "Vityaz" - the fruits have a dense texture, which allows their use in long-term transportation and for long-term fresh storage. “Lord” is a rather young variety, it is distinguished by simple and unpretentious cultivation. "Raspberry Viscount" - used by gardeners for further consumption as food immediately in ripe form. The name directly indicates the color of the fruit. Bushes of the small sizes, are intended for cultivation in an open ground under a film or in greenhouses.
Masking is an important process in the whole agrotechnology of tomato cultivation, so it should be given more attention. The main thing is to correctly remove the "extra" leaves. p>
Despite the fact that growing varieties of tomatoes without staking is much easier, gardeners still prefer the opposite type of seed. So, the Bullish Heart variety has a huge popularity throughout Russia. p>
The popularity of this variety is explained by large fruits and a “universal” taste, which makes it possible to use tomatoes both for fresh consumption and for salting. Cultivation is permitted in any region of the country, requires mandatory staking. p> The best undersized varieties of tomatoes for open ground
Beginning gardeners who do not want to labor for a long time and laboriously with growing tomatoes may prefer low-growing varieties of tomatoes. Due to the small growth of the bush, which often does not exceed 60 cm, there is no need to spend time tying. p>
The best and most popular undersized seeds include: p> Tomato "Sanka" - the first crop of tomatoes can be harvested three months after the first shoots of seeds. The bush fructifies with the first heat and until late frosts. Tastes and small size of tomatoes allow you to use them in canning and fresh use. "TolstoyF1" - a hybrid belonging to the Dutch selection, pleases gardeners with the first harvest 70 days after germination. The fruits themselves are small, only 100 grams each, have a cuboid shape. It is popular due to the simple cultivation and taste, which are used in the preparation of fresh salads. "Bobcat F1" - does not cause unnecessary worries in cultivation, it is distinguished by almost 100% germination and the absence of cracked fruit. It is intended for cultivation in warm climatic conditions, but is planted in Siberia in greenhouses or under film.
Low-growing varieties of tomatoes for gardeners can become a “pass ticket” to the world of self-growing tomatoes, because they do not require a garter or pasynkovaniya. p> The best varieties of tomatoes for the Northwest
North-West Russia is somewhat harsh and cunning, so here the cultivation of tomatoes is carried out in closed ground, which requires planting a certain kind of varieties. The best include: p> “Hermitage” - early fruiting and the maximum height of a bush is 1 m, fruits weighing 120 g and round in shape, the requirement for a pinching is noted; "Native" - ultra early variety, sprawling bush with rounded tomatoes and weighing 160 g; "Igranda" - a determinant variety with complex inflorescences, easily tolerates almost any frost, fruits up to 120 g; "Chanterelle" - pleases with fruits three months after the first shoots, bushes with a maximum height of 1 m, fruits no more than 150 g.
The principle of growing tomato varieties for the North-West region is to achieve conditions for fast fruiting, because otherwise, due to the frosts, you can be left without a crop. In connection with the above fact, gardeners use greenhouses and greenhouses for independent and fruitful cultivation. p> Proven varieties for the Northwest video: Tomato seeds from collectors
New varieties of tomatoes always cause a lot of disputes about growing, proper planting and maintenance. Taking advantage of new seeds, it is better to listen to the advice of the producers themselves. p>
The relatively new varieties include the following varieties: p>
1. "Rapunzel" - to find information about the presented variety is extremely difficult, however, like the seeds themselves. This is due to the breeding of a variety in the Netherlands in 2015, therefore, the distribution of seeds in Russia has not yet happened. p>
Why Rapunzel? The shape of the brushes with fruits is similar to the oblique animated heroine. Clusters of tomatoes hang from the bush to the very lowlands and in length can exceed 50 cm. p>
2. "Mongolian dwarf" - the variety is also quite contradictory. According to reviews of gardeners, the growth of the bush varies from 10 to 50 cm. p>
Each bush gardeners happy whole clusters of tomatoes of medium size. Despite the fact that these seeds gained popularity among gardeners, this withdrawn specimen was not included in the State Register. p>
Pay attention to this material - Growing cucumbers on the windowsill in winter. p>
3. "Sprut" - this is really a miracle of nature! This variety is a perennial, so the first fruits can be expected only after 7-8 months. It is distinguished by its sprawling crown and the formation of shoots that branch out in the process of growth. p>
You will be interested in this article - Growing cucumbers in greenhouses and in the open field. p>
As a result, experienced gardeners use this feature in the “distribution” of bushes throughout the dacha. Having erected a construction from tomato bushes, it is possible to create not less attractive "grape canopy". p>
The most delicious tomatoes are those that were not only properly selected for planting, but also grown with love. Choose the right seeds for planting and carry out all the necessary procedures in the care of seedlings and bushes planted in the future. Delight your loved ones with delicious fresh salads and canned delicacies. p>
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