What is a smear on flora and why is it needed? p>
A smear on the flora (general smear, smear from the vagina, bacterioscopy) is a laboratory microscopic examination that characterizes the microflora in the urethra, cervix, vagina. p>
A smear is applied to the glass and stained with special dyes, which allow under the microscope to more clearly distinguish bacteria. Evaluate the following indicators: p> white blood cell count; red blood cell count; composition of flora; the presence of Trichomonas, gonococci, fungus; the presence of lactobacilli. What are the indications for putting a smear on flora? complaints of abdominal pain, discomfort in the genital area, itching, unusual vaginal discharge; preventive examination by a gynecologist, about 1 time in 3-6 months; pregnancy planning; pregnancy; long-term treatment with antibiotics, hormones, cytostatics; change of sexual partner. How to prepare for the study?
Before a visit to the gynecologist for testing, you should: p> refrain from sexual intercourse for 1-2 days. Do not use vaginal preparations (cream, suppositories) and do not douching for 2 days. before taking a smear on the flora, it is recommended not to urinate for 2-3 hours.
It is advisable to take a smear on the flora immediately after menstruation, on the 4-5 day of the cycle. p> How is smear being taken on flora?
Sampling material for flora is carried out by a gynecologist with a disposable spatula from three points from the urethra, cervix and vagina. The smear procedure is painless. p>
A smear on the flora is prepared in 1 working day. p> How is the result of smear on flora evaluated?
Normally, in a smear, the rod flora and single leukocytes are determined. p>
Coccal flora, a large number of leukocytes (inflammatory cells), erythrocytes are present in the smear during the inflammatory process. Detection of trichomonas indicates trichomoniasis, gonococci - gonorrhea. Very often in the smears on the flora are found the filaments of the mycelium of the fungus - candidiasis, or "thrush". p>
Sowing on the flora allows you to determine the species and number of bacteria and to determine the sensitivity to antibacterial drugs. p>
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