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Planting radish margilansai time

Planting radish margilansai time

Date: 16.10.2018, 07:28 / View: 72561

Starting from the 12th century, radish for Russia, along with turnip and horseradish, is one of the most popular cultures present on the table every day. Such an attachment to radish is quite explicable: it is loved not only as food, but also as a powerful medicine, due to the presence of mineral salts, vitamins and microelements. And now you can buy a juicy and tasty vegetable without any problems at any supermarket. However, it is much more interesting and not difficult to grow it yourself in the country. To this occupation you were on the shoulder, read our tips and recommendations for proper planting and appropriate care for radish in the open field.

Content Growing radish (white, pink, green, black): sowing rules, care tips

In general, the rules for growing any radish are very similar, there are no fundamental differences in planting and caring for black, white or green (Margilan), except for the timing of their sowing, taste and useful properties. White species and varieties, popular varieties: early (Delicacy, Odessa 5, May, Sudarushka), medium (Elephant’s Fang, Dragon), late (Winter White Round, Autumn Giant); Pink , popular variety: Crimson moon (early ripe). Green (Chinese), popular varieties: Margilan (middle-ripe), Green goddess (early-ripe), Southerner; Black, popular varieties: Winter round black, Black winter, Chernavka, Healer.

Video: planting Margilan radish Landing dates

The timing of sowing radish in open ground is largely determined by the vegetable variety: early small-fruited varieties can be sown as early as March-April (if, of course, the weather permits. But in the Middle Band, more precisely, even in the Moscow Region, this is most likely not possible), or in August, their ripening period about 40-50 days; early maturity (summer) - at the end of April - beginning of May, ripening period - 50-65 days; late (or they are also called autumn or winter, black) - in the beginning or middle of July, the ripening period is 90-110 days.

Although it is equally important to take into account the climatic conditions of the region, and current weather conditions. The optimal temperature conditions for seed germination are + 20-25 degrees, but planting is also allowed at + 15-20.

Video: radish - varieties, planting dates and care

Further, using the example of its black variety, we consider the basic rules for growing radish: sowing and care in the open field. How to plant a radish in open ground

At the moment, there are quite a lot of varieties of this useful root crop, but black radish, due to its useful and healing properties, is of particular value. Useful properties of the root

Black radish is both a tasty and healing vegetable. If you have sand in the kidneys or in the liver, then with the help of radish you can significantly improve your condition. It also helps if you have a cold (for example, a prolonged wet cough), high cholesterol, and it also increases your working capacity and stress tolerance during a busy schedule.

Note! You should not eat radish (any), if you have a peptic ulcer, inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract and liver, as well as heart disease.

Another advantage of planting black radish is its suitability for long-term storage. Sowing dates

The planting dates for black radish fall in the middle of summer, namely, it is advisable to plant it from the 3rd decade of June to the 3rd decade of July.

If you plant it too early, then with a long light day it can go into flowers (it starts shooting and throwing out flower-bearing shoots) and later does not give root crops. Therefore, in order to accurately wait for the ripening of the vegetable, observe the terms of its seeding. Bed preparation: site selection and suitable soil

A good crop of radish can grow only in the correctly selected area. It is optimal to find a place that shines the sun most of the day.

As for the ground, radish grows best on fertile loamy soil, in other words, light humus soils with an acidity of 6-7 pH are suitable for it.

Preparing a bed for radish is quite simple: you need to thoroughly dig up the ground (to a depth of 30-35 centimeters), bring in a couple of buckets of excellent compost, wood ash, and then mix everything again and level the bed.

Next, you need to make the rows under sowing radish seeds. The depth of sowing the seeds should be 1.5-2 centimeters. The distance between the rows should be kept in 20-40 centimeters. The seeds themselves are optimally sown at a distance of 10-15 centimeters, but if you want to get an even higher yield, then sow them closer in order to subsequently thin out and get rid of weak plants, leaving only the healthiest ones.

Many gardeners practice sowing radishes with potatoes, cucumbers, onions, tomatoes and even corn.

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As a rule, try to plant radish after harvesting garlic. Also good predecessors are the following crops: onions, tomatoes, cucumbers, carrots, beets and peas, and other legumes. Seeding

Step-by-step instruction of sowing radish in open ground: Before sowing the seeds, it is advisable (but not necessary) to soak for 24 hours in a pink solution of potassium permanganate. Make grooves or planting holes 1.5-2 cm deep every 5 centimeters (if you plan thinning) or after 10-15 (if without thinning) at a distance of 20-30 centimeters. Put the seeds in the grooves or holes, and then cover it with soil and slightly compacted. Liberally pour (the same can be done after stage 2) and cover with foil (optional). Powder with ash and / or tobacco dust from black (cruciferous) flea.

Video: sowing black radish Care for radish in the open field

Despite the fact that this vegetable is considered quite unpretentious, but to get a rich and tasty crop, radish requires some care.

So, for the first time after sowing, it is desirable to maintain high humidity in the garden so that shoots appear together. As a rule, it takes about 3-5 days, but after the shoots of 1-2 weeks the bed should be kept wet. There are two ways - either permanent watering, or you can cover the bed with a film that will trap moisture.

A week later, after the emergence of seedlings, the bed should be thinned for the first time, leaving only the strongest seedlings.

Further care of the radish is fairly standard: watering on time (if you forget about watering, the roots will grow small and bitter and will not be suitable for food), preventing the soil from drying out, at least once a week, to loosen and weed.

By the way! To reduce the number of watering, loosening and weeding from weeds, you can mulch the beds with peat or humus.

Also during the summer you need to make sure that the seedlings do not hamper the development of each other. If you notice that the planting is thickened, then you should perform another thinning, otherwise the roots simply can not properly mature and get small.

As for dressing radish, then during the season it should be fertilized at least 2 times. The first time with the appearance of 3-4 leaflets (nitrogen fertilizer), the second time - a month after the first, when the root crop goes into active growth.

Herbal infusions, birch tar (protection against pests), and ammonia (nitric) are best used as a fertilizer. Also for ammonium fertilizer you can use ammonium nitrate (1 tablespoon per 10 liters of water).

Tip! It is very good to combine top dressing with watering. Diseases and pests

Black (cruciferous) fleas are very fond of young shoots of radish, therefore, as measures to combat these insect pests, crops should be processed, more precisely, powdered with tobacco dust or wood ash.

Harvesting radish for storage

If you want to store black radish for a long time, then you need to harvest and prepare it for storage according to certain rules. So, it should be collected on time in most cases by the end of October and always before the onset of frost. You need to pull out a vegetable, slightly undermining with a shovel. Next, you should get rid of the tops, but if you are determined to store the radish for a long time (for example, all winter), you should leave 1-2 centimeters of the tops.

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Important! If you lay this root for long winter storage, then you can not wash it, just shake off the dirt and everything, otherwise it will rot.

It is best to put dry root vegetables in boxes with wet sand and put them in a cellar or cellar for long-term storage.

You can also store the radish in the refrigerator. In this case, the tops should be trimmed completely, thoroughly wash it, and then also shorten the tail, leaving 4-5 centimeters. Next, the roots should be processed in a slightly green solution of greens, immersed in it for 1-2 minutes. When the vegetables are dry, they should be put away in bags and put in the fridge.

Video: black radish - from sowing to harvest

Thus, even a novice gardener can grow a radish (no matter what sort, white, margilan or black). It is only necessary to choose the optimal time, properly prepare the soil and sow the seeds, and then continue to produce high-quality care for the root crop until it is fully ripe.

Video: all about planting radish seeds, care, cultivation and its proper storage Useful article?

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