Planting of lupine green manure

Date: 16.10.2018, 11:03 / View: 41493

Home »Question-Answer» Siderats »Siderates for acidic clay soil According to its properties, clay soils are quite "problematic" for agriculture. They are heavy, dense, cold, warm up more slowly, they let water through worse. In addition, clay soil is acidic, and for most garden crops, neutral or even slightly alkaline soils are suitable. On acidic soils, agricultural and household crops will have low yields and poor fruit quality, if no action is taken to improve them.
How can you improve the soil? First of all, it is necessary to lower the acidity, to lime the soil by applying fertilizers, such as limestone flour.
Secondly, use green manure, as they are an effective method for improving the characteristics of acidic clay soil, increasing its fertility, removing weeds and pests without significant monetary costs.
1) Rye. This grass has a well-branched root system, which perfectly loosens the ground. Green rye mass saturates the soil with nutrients and minerals. In addition, densely sown rye perfectly fights weeds. This siderat is not too demanding of the soil, so if you have decided to transform your plot, it is worth putting the rye first.
As a rule, winter rye is planted from late August to mid-September. Sowing can be scattered or in rows, seed consumption - 20 gr. on 1 m2 (2000 per hundred). The plant quickly sprouts and manages to gain the necessary green mass about 2 weeks before frosts.
In spring, rye continues to grow, and 3 weeks before sowing of main household crops, you can mow rye.
2) Phacelia. It is a universal siderate in every sense, which grows well on all types of soil, gives a lot of green mass, easily decomposed in the ground. In the case of clay acidic soils, the main advantage of phacelia is the ability to bring soil acidity to neutral. Like rye, phacelia loosens the earth well. In addition, after it you can plant any garden crops without exception, as the plant belongs to the Vodolistnikovye family, and there are simply no garden crops from this family, therefore, there is no risk of crop damage from related diseases or pests.
Phacelia is planted from early spring to autumn, the optimum will be landing in early spring, as soon as the snow melts. Phatelia seed consumption - about 1.5 - 2 grams. on 1 m2 (150 - 200 grams. on the weave). 35 days after sowing, it is already possible to mow the greenery that has risen, and after 2 - 3 weeks after mowing, garden crops can be planted on the site.
Also, phacelia is planted in the fall, immediately after harvesting, the greens are mowed before frost.
3) After improving the structure and reducing the acidity of the soil, it is good to sow the area with green manure. As they use clover, lupine, alfalfa. Bean siderata saturate the earth with nitrogen, phosphorus, which is necessary for all garden crops, fruit trees and shrubs. And the alkaloid varieties of lupine also eliminate pests and harmful bacteria.
Terms of planting legumes are different. Lupine is planted in early May, clover and alfalfa - in early spring or summer. Seed consumption: clover - 2 - 2.5 gr. per m2 (200 - 250 g. per hundred), lupine - 20 g. per m2 (2000 grams. per hundred), alfalfa - 2 grams. per m2 (200 g. per hundred parts). Mowing of green mass is carried out approximately 8 weeks after sowing, in the phase of bud formation.
After growing bean siderats, garden crops from the same family (ie, other legumes) cannot be planted on the same area of ​​land.
4) For the improvement of the soil is well planted mustard white. This siderat is considered to be one of the best. Mustard has almost no flaws, besides one: after it, on a plot of land where it grew, it is not recommended to plant crops of the Cruciferous family - cabbage, radish, radishes and others. Mustard fights well with various diseases and pests due to the essential oils contained in the leaves. This plant frightens off thrips, bedbugs, wireworms, aphids, pea moths, slugs, fights pathogens such as scab, root rot, late blight.
White mustard is planted in early spring or autumn, after the end of the harvest.
The consumption of white mustard seeds - from 1.5 gr. per m2 (150 g. per hundred) when sown in rows and up to 3 - 4 g. per m2 (300 - 400 g. per hundred) when sown in placers.

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