A bear is an insect of 35-50 mm in length, with short leathery elytra and foreleg legs. It lives in the soil and only occasionally appears on the surface. In the evening and night time makes flights. Swims well In the warm season, holes are made near the surface, and winter holes reach a depth of 50-100 cm. p>
Mass output is observed at a temperature of 12-15 ° C. After mating, which occurs underground, the females build a nest. Egg-laying consists of 100-350 or more eggs. Embryonic development lasts 10-20 or more days. Normal egg development requires 100% moisture. p>
The larvae of the bear after leaving the eggs remain in the nest under the protection of the female for 2-3 weeks. Damages the underground parts of various plants (cabbage, tomatoes, peppers, eggplants, etc.). The shoots dry out, damaged plants are easily pulled from the soil. In root vegetable crops and in potato tubers, the bear sheds large cavities, also damages the seeds, gnaws and tears the roots. p>
Protective activities p>
At the end of September, it is necessary to dig holes up to 0.5 m deep, fill them with manure (preferably horse) with straw. Medvedka going in the pits. Late in the autumn or winter, they are dug up, scattered manure and the bears die from the cold. Medvedku can be caught in a half-liter jars filled with 2/3 of the water, dug into the soil at the surface level in places of mass accumulation of insects. At the beginning of the growing season (at the end of May and during June) 2-3 rows between rows are loosened to a depth of 10-15 cm, dug-out eggs and larvae die. p>
When planting vegetable seedlings (tomatoes, peppers, eggplants, etc.), you can use 1-1.5-liter plastic bottles. The upper and lower parts are cut, the rest is cut into several parts up to 10-15 cm high. Then these parts are placed in the ground so that above the surface there is at least 5 cm where the seedlings are planted. It is possible at the beginning of May to lay out the bait from fresh manure, into which the pest crawls for the device of burrows and egg laying, and after 3-4 weeks they look at the bait heaps, the bear and eggs are destroyed. p>
Medvedka is also dying from eating baits from egg shells moistened with sunflower oil, which is buried in the ground. Plants are not damaged by a bear if you put a clove of garlic before planting in the hole. p>
In the fall, you can use a mixture of water with kerosene (100 g per 10 liters of water), which is poured into the pest holes at the rate of 30 g each. p>
Scare medvedki p>
Medvedka is scared by marigolds planted between vegetables, as well as green alder branches placed at a distance of 1.5 m, which are replaced by fresh ones from time to time. In addition, disastrous for the bear is a solution of washing powder, which is poured into the mink. p>
In summer, the area inhabited by the Medvedka can be watered with infusion of onion peel at the rate of 900 g of husk and onion waste, filled with 10 liters of warm water and infused for 4-5 days. Then, before use, the infusion is diluted with water (1: 5) and the plants are watered after rain 2-3 times in 5-7 days; in the absence of rain the area is watered. Also used infusion of chicken manure at the rate of 2 kg per 10 liters of water. After thorough mixing and dilution with water (1: 5), pour dry soil over it. In the soil fertilized with chicken droppings, the pest does not live. p>
To repel bears you can use sand moistened with kerosene at the rate of one cup per bucket of sand. At the same time, sand is poured out on the ground, it is poured with kerosene, carefully perepepachivatsya for 5-10 minutes, and then crumbles in the area with transplanted seedlings (0.25-0.5 liters per 1 m2). p>
Radical measures to combat Medvedka p>
The most radical measure to combat Medvedka is the use of chemicals. For this, the roots of cabbage seedlings, tomatoes, eggplants, sweet peppers, before planting in open ground, are moistened in a suspension of Aktara 25 WG (1.5 g / l water per 250 plants) at a temperature of 18-23 ° C and exposure time of 90-120 minutes. p>
To protect potatoes, tomatoes, cabbage from Medvedki, use Medvedtox-U (300 g per 1 weave) by introducing into the furrows 3-4 cm deep along the perimeter or between the beds, followed by sprinkling with earth and watering at the rate of 10 l / m2 after planting tubers or seedlings. p>
The roots of seedlings of tomatoes, peppers, eggplant, cabbage before planting in open ground prestige 290 FS (100 ml per 10 liters of water at an exposure time of 6-8 hours) can also be soaked in a suspension of the drug.
Makar Ruban, Cand. Biol. sciences, Kiev p>
Phenoxin plus - a radical method of dealing with Medvedka p>
These are granules with a smell that is attractive for a bearhead and killer in taste. In the manure, where the bears love to settle, they make a hole and pour granules there. Certainly, the pit is covered from birds and domestic animals, which may also want to eat and for which a fatal outcome in this case is also provided. p>
In addition, in those places where the bears are seen, and these are usually the beds, they make grooves 3-5 cm deep, and lay out the granules at a distance of 20-30 cm. Again, they cover them from birds and other animals you need. If the granules do not bite off the caps (for example, they changed their dislocation), then the granules themselves will dissolve over time from irrigation, and they will not bring harm to the plants and people eating these plants. p>
If you know that you have taken advantage of the drug for a reason, then repeat the treatment after two weeks, when new bearies will hatch from the eggs. p>
Natural (natural) enemies of the bear p>
The natural enemies of the bears are birds (rooks, starlings, crows, herons, etc.), insectivores (hedgehogs, shrews, moles, lizards), ants (destroy eggs), ground beetles (eat larvae), nematodes r. Oxyurius and Telestomum, pincers p. Neothorombium, Caloglyphus and Rhizogliphus. In winters with thaws, there is a massive death of bears from fungal diseases. p>
Another natural enemy of the bear is the Larra wasp anathema. Somehow, Larra discovers in the subdomain during the extraction, expels it from there and with three strokes stings paralyzes it. Then the wasp lays one egg under the base of the victim's foreleg and flies away. After 5 minutes, the cub comes to life and crawls into its cave, turning into a living food store for the wasp larva. However, unfortunately, this wasp is much less common than a bear. p>
Beer Trap for Medvedok p>
You can fight with Medvedka without the use of expensive drugs. Here's what to do in the spring.
Pour 50-100 g of beer into glass bottles and tie a neck piece of gauze. To dig in bottles obliquely at an angle of 45 ° to the surface of the soil and sprinkle with a layer of 3-4 cm in the earth. Medvedki very quickly find a "pivnushka", gnaw through a bandage and get into the bottle.
Back they can not get out (and maybe they do not want?). For one or two weeks the bottle is filled, then it must be excavated and poured for the bears fresh beer in another bottle. This method is quite effective. 3-4 medars per day! p>
Medvedka is afraid of the smell of needles p>
In some newspaper I read that the bear is afraid of the smell of fir. But the potatoes have already been planted, the tops are large. I decided to cut the branches of larch and sketch them between the potato rows. When digging potatoes, I have not found a single medvedka.
In the fall I prepared dry needles of larches, it is possible to pine and spruce. Now I want to try, selectively when planting, together with potatoes, to pour needles from the larch into the hole. p>
Fighting the bear with foul fish p>
It turns out the bear does not tolerate the smell of rotten fish. When planting seedlings of cucumbers, tomatoes, cabbage and other crops in the hole, you need to put 1-2 pieces of cheap fish. Fish heads, scales, entrails are also suitable.
The fish in the ground is quickly rotting and the medvedka passes this place. Beds with crops of beet, carrots, lettuce, etc. lay a small fish around the perimeter and dust it with earth.
While the seeds will rise, the fish will begin to deteriorate. This will not allow Medvedka to destroy the seeds and seedlings. p>
I fight with Medvedka so ... p>
• Try - instead of water, pour fermented beer into the hole of the Medvedka's hole, the result will exceed all your expectations! p>
• To get rid of the pest by using millet porridge. Cooked in a small saucepan. In the cooled porridge is added the drug from the Colorado potato beetle "Regent". Then balls roll down from porridge, which descend into each turn dug by a bear. Here is the victory from the pest for a season or more. p>
• Abundantly water the path. When the water is absorbed, I strongly press the board into the ground, you can plywood of any width. The next day I lift her: if the medvedka is here, then there will definitely be moves. I fill these moves with soapy water. p>
• Eggs and larvae of the bearfish are well destroyed by loosening the row spacing to a depth of 10–12 cm between the third decade of May and the beginning of the second half of July. p>
• Poisonous bait made from boiled grain of corn, wheat, barley, oilcake mixed with metaphos (50 g per 1 kg) is laid out against the bear. 30 g of vegetable oil are added to them and laid out under piles of manure at the rate of 30-50 g per 1 square meter. The bait can also be laid out 2-3 days before sowing or in the aisle after germination or planting seedlings, embedding them in the soil to a depth of 2-3 cm. p>
• Recipe for bait from barley, wheat, millet: 50 g of karbofos and 30 g of sunflower oil are taken for 2 kg of bait. Grain is boiled in salted water. First treated with oil, then karbofos and mix well. Baits are buried in grooves to a depth of 2-3 cm. You can also decompose them after germination (but already in the aisle), the consumption rate is 600-800 g per 100 square meters. m). p>
• Before planting tomatoes and peppers in the ground, I prepare pieces of cloth. I use any dense material. Cut pieces length of 15 cm, and a width of 8 cm. Before planting urine in water. I tie a tomato trunk with raw cloths so that it remains in the ground and above. Medvedka such tomatoes do not touch. And over the summer rags rot. Tomatoes have no harm from them. p>
• My method, in principle, is not original, but someone can come in handy.
When I plant tomato seedlings in open ground, I place each plant in sections of an old watering hose 6-8 cm each. To make this easier, I cut the rubber along one side, spread the edges of the cut and insert the lower part of the stem inside. Rubber immediately restores the previous form. Seedling does not close the seedlings, it loosely peeps out from the bottom of the segment. p>
• To scare away bears from greenhouses along the greenhouse narabney (grooves) make small grooves and pour sand moistened with kerosene. p>
Medvedku can catch honey p>
Medvedku can catch on honey. Take a jar, smear it with honey from the inside below the neck and dig level with the soil. From above cover with a curved piece of iron or cardboard, then with straw. Medvedka climbs on honey and falls to the bottom of the jar. p>
About other pests p>
I plant some potatoes a little, so I use this method to fight the Colorado potato beetle. Gathering
celandine, pour boiling water and leave overnight, then add 1 teaspoon of laundry detergent or liquid soap to a bucket of solution and spray potatoes with a broom once a week. p>
Onions, garlic, mint, savory, marigold planted next to vegetables against aphids. Chrysanthemums, planted near the currants and gooseberries, rid the bushes of powdery mildew. Slugs are afraid of garlic, parsley, lavender.
Lyudmila Saenko, Cherkasy, Ukraine p>
Windmills against the bear p>
I managed to get rid of this pest very easily.
My site is about a hundred meters away from the ravine, into which all are littered with very different garbage. Horde of hordes of creepers crawled out of this pit and crawled into my garden. In one cottage newspaper I learned about the old method of dealing with them. It is necessary to put windmills on the site at a distance of 5-10 m from each other. To do this, it is better to use iron pipes (wooden stakes quickly rot) with a height of 3 meters. Attach a light metal propeller to the top of the pipe so that it rotates easily and creates more noise. Medvedki, apparently, perceive the vibration and noise from the propellers as a natural disaster. In any case, for many years already harmful insects have bypassed my garden. p>
Aspen against the bear p>
It is necessary to prepare aspen stakes with a diameter of = 2-4 cm, 25-30 cm long and hammer them into the ground for the entire height of the stake in places where the bear is settling. To score randomly after 1-2 meters from each other.
Stakes are harvested from the branches of aspen, small aspen, felled by the wind in the forest. You can cut them from the fallen logs, but with bark. Medvedki on the site will not. This is an old proven method. p>
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