Indoor flower yellow

Date: 23.09.2018, 11:54 / View: 81454

Blooming Jasmine All summer, and even in winter it blooms with white star-shaped fragrant flowers. It represents a vine or shrub on which flowers can grow both on the sides and on the top. Jasmine is often confused with a chubushnik. But these plants belong to different families. Only the smell binds them. There are about 190 species of Jasmine. Some of them can be grown in winter gardens and indoor conditions.

Content

Photo, varieties and description of jasmine

The plant is both evergreen and bushes or lianas . Nonparamous or triple leathery leaves can grow both in turn and opposite each other. The flowers grow one by one, gather in shields or umbrellas. The saucer-shaped corolla with a cylindrical tube can be white, yellow , and sometimes pink color . The lower part of the jasmine stem will eventually become lignified, and its upper, thin branches need support.

Types of jasmine

Vreditelt jasmine plants Jasmine the subtlest or multiflorous - the plant represents an evergreen shrub or a pubescent liana from the northern region of the island of Kalimantan. On thin shoots grow lanceolate-oval form of simple leaves, which in length reach 3.5 cm . At the base the leaves have a heart shape, and at the top they are pointed. Blossoms from January to March with large, white, fragrant flowers.

Jasmine Sambak (photo) is the national flower of Indonesia, home to which is the Tropical Asia. Growing up to 4-6 m, the liana has thin, pubescent shoots and opposite, ovoid leaves. Blunt or pointed at the tip, they are more often round at the base. White simple, semi-double or double flowers are collected umbrella-shaped. It is abundantly flowering from March to October. Aromatic jasmine flowers Sambac can be added to tea , giving it a unique taste. It is most often used as a houseplant.

Jasmine is discarded - the plant is distinguished by multiflorous inflorescences, which are collected from flowers having a diameter of 2.5 cm. Egg-shaped leaves grow to 6 cm, and grow 5-7 pieces.

Jasmine is low - an evergreen shrub grows to two meters in height. Ternary leaves grow to 2.5 cm, and can be ovoid or elliptical. From above they are dark green, and from below - light green. On inflorescences in the form of an umbrella fragrant flowers with a whisk of yellow colors are collected. The corolla tube and the diameter of the flower - 1 cm. Blooms throughout the summer.

Multi-flowered jasmine - shrubbery (photo) is characterized by weakly branching shoots, reaching a height of up to two meters. Oval, dark green leaves are wavy at the edges, and pointed at the tip. Pink flowers with a strong aroma consist of five blades, and grow on the tops of shoots.

Jasmine officinalis - the plant is a perennial bush, on thin and smooth branches of which grow paired leaves. The lower part of the leaf plate is light green, and the upper one is bright green. The leaves are lanceolate, pointed at the top and pubescent. On the inflorescences umbrellas in April flowering fragrant, white flowers.

Jasmine large-flowered - evergreen shrub or liana grows to ten meters in length, and has bare shoots. Large, white flowers are collected in an umbellate inflorescence. The mottled leaves of the elliptical shape are pointed at the top and have a length of 3 cm. The first flowers on the bushes blossom in June. The duration of flowering is five months.

Golotsvetkovy jasmine - the bush is distinguished by long, drooping, weakly branching shoots, on which very few leaves grow. In this winter, a part of the leaves jasmine holotvetkovy shed. In the axils of the leaves along the entire stem there are flowers of yellow colors flowering from the middle of winter to the middle of spring.

Jasmine Bisa - an evergreen liana or shrub in length will grow to two meters. Dark green simple leaves are ovate or lanceolate. On both sides they are pubescent, grow to a length of 5 cm. The fragrant flowers of this species of jasmine are distinguished by pink or dark pink color. In the diameter of they reach 1.3-1.7 cm, and are located two or three at the top of the shoots.

Growing and caring for jasmine room: photo

Special problems with the content of jasmine at home should not arise, because the plant is not capricious. However, some features of care should be taken into account.

Lighting and air temperature

Houseplant jasmine Home jasmine loves diffused bright light For its cultivation, western and eastern window sills are suitable. If the flower stands near the southern window, it will need to be protected from direct sunlight. On northern windows, due to lack of lighting, the plant grows slowly and almost does not bloom.

With the onset of warm days, a flower pot can be carried out on a loggia or garden. For him, a place protected from wind and direct sunlight is chosen.

To the temperature of the air, jasmine is undemanding. The optimum temperature for its cultivation is from 18 to 24 degrees . To the plant abundantly and long bloom, in the winter period it is recommended to keep it in a cool room with a temperature within 10 degrees. Otherwise, the shrubbery will well grow green, and the flowers will not appear. If the home temperature winter temperature is too high, then the room is recommended to regularly ventilate, protecting the plant from drafts.

Humidity and watering

Jasmine needs high humidity. When caring for a plant in the room conditions increase the humidity can be in three ways:

  1. Daily spray the bush with standing water at room temperature.
  2. Put the flower pot on a pallet with wet claydite, peat or moss.
  3. Install the humidifier.

    If the bush blooms, then spray it is not recommended. In the winter period of time, grown in cool conditions, jasmine does not need spraying.

    In spring, summer and autumn, the plant is regularly watered with standing water. Watering is done only after the top layer of the soil has dried. Wintering in the cool flower in the fall begin to water less, and in winter just to ensure that the earthen cloud is not withered. You can not fill jasmine.

    Transplant and fertilizer

    Fertilizers for Jasmine Brought from the store in a shipping container flower must be transplanted into a suitable pot. Doing this is recommended in a couple of weeks after the purchase, during which the plant must adapt to new conditions of detention.

    Ground for transplant jasmine can be bought in the store, mixing it in the following proportions:

    • mixture for flowering plants - 3 parts;
    • mixture for azaleas - 1 part;
    • sand - 1 part;
    • A bit of vermiculite.

      As a result, a sour, loose soil should be obtained. If possible, then you can prepare the earth mixture yourself. It is necessary to mix:

      • clay-turf ground - 1 part;
      • leaf ground - 1 part;
      • sand - 1 part;
      • peat - 1 part.

        At the bottom of the pot, you first need to pour a a small layer of expanded clay , then a bit of ground. The young plant is transplanted by transshipment, so as not to disturb the roots. In this case, the bush quickly and better to survive. Around planted in a pot plant gets enough sleep, a little tamped and watered the ground.

        For a lush bloom and good development, the plant needs nutrients. Use for fertilizing jasmine is recommended complex mineral fertilizers and organic.

        After a period of rest, the first feeding takes place in mid-May. For the preparation of the solution per one square meter of planting in 10 liters of water is diluted:

        • Potassium sulphate - 15 g;
        • superphosphate - 30 g;
        • Urea - 15 g.

          The second time jasmine is fed after flowering . To do this, for 1 square. m. landings use one glass of wood ash and 30 g of superphosphate. In August, the feeding is stopped, since shoots should be prepared for the winter.

          At home, when leaving only one plant, it is easiest to use special fertilizers for flowering plants. Feeds them flower once every two weeks.

          A non-young, overgrown plant can be planted on some support, tied up to its shoots. Before the beginning of active growth, approximately in the middle of winter, in the middle of the bush it is necessary to cut out thin, underdeveloped and dry branches. Long shoots are shortened by a third. After such a procedure will begin to grow additional side shoots, which will form flowers. Jasmine Sambak pruning is done no more than once every three years.

          Indoor Flower Jasmine - Reproduction

          Jasmine multiplies in two ways:

          1. How to transplant jasmine at home Cuttings. Cuttings are cut from an adult plant. They should be at least 12-15 cm long and have 4-6 leaves. Before planting in the ground for better rooting, the cuttings are treated with "Heteroauxin" or ". A mixture of leaf earth and sand is placed in the seedling container, into which cuttings are planted and covered with polyethylene or glass containers from above. Take root segments will be about a month and a half. At this time, care for them is to keep the temperature in the room at least + 18C and regular watering.
          2. Aerial layers. Near the mother plant, a small pot of soil is placed, in which the prepared air hole will take root. To do this, a small incision is made on the lower stem of the bush, which is pressed to the ground with a wire or a hairpin. Soil, where the ligation takes root, should be maintained in a wet state. As soon as there are young outgrowths in the small pot, you can cut off the brood.

            And the one and the other method of reproduction is carried out in spring and summer.

            Growing indoor jasmine, it is recommended to adhere to the four most important rules:

            1. When transplanting necessarily to the bottom of the pot you need to pour the drainage.
            2. Jasmine can not be transplanted into a spacious pot.
            3. The flower is necessarily a period of rest, so in winter it should be kept in a cool room.
            4. In spring, the shrub must be cut off.

              Having studied all the features of growing jasmine and the rules for caring for it, you can enjoy his company for many years. And your house until late autumn will adorn a beautifully flowering, fragrant bush.

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