Rubric: Care of the Saintpaulias p>
For those who take the first steps in gardening or are looking for an unpretentious plant, violet will be an excellent option. It grows from all types of soil and is cultivated throughout the world. p> Dear readers! For you, we have created communities in social networks in which useful articles and interesting ideas are published several times a day! Subscribe and get useful content in a convenient format!
Proper watering is a major factor in plant care. Some gardeners prefer to pour water into the pan, others practice abundant watering of the soil, while others water the plant in a wicky way. How not to bring the flower to the process of decay due to abundant or improper watering, we will understand this article. p>
Content p> How to determine if the violet needs watering?
The lack of water leads to the painful appearance of the plant. The flowers quickly fall off, twist, turn yellow or dry. This happens with violet leaves. Each plant has its own requirements for watering, so the standard algorithm “once a week” may not work. p>
Reference! The main criteria for the frequency of watering violets - the temperature of the room, light, size of the pot, season and soil quality. p>
Excess water for a plant can be worse than drying out the soil. Sometimes the soil may become dry on the surface of the pot, but remain wet at the bottom. Therefore, it is recommended to poke the ground to the base with a finger or a stick. This must be done carefully so as not to damage the root system of the plant. p> How often to water?
Recommended water the violets at the same time. The exact frequency of watering a plant cannot be determined; the need of a flower for water depends on such factors: p> Lighting. From bright light, the substrate dries faster. Air humidity. With low humidity, the plant requires abundant watering (the period of summer, late spring and early autumn). The development of the root system of the plant. Well-established or old roots will dry out quickly. The moment of flowering. Flowering plants consume more water. The composition of the soil. Dense soil requires less moisture than a loose and light substrate. Air temperature. At low temperatures, the soil remains wet longer.
Experienced gardeners recommend in the warm season to water the violets in the morning, and from November to February - in the afternoon. p> Methods of watering violets
To improve the frequency of flowering and healthy plant species, gardeners use completely different methods of watering. Consider the most popular ones. p> Wick
A great alternative for those who often leaves flowers unattended. p>
Using a wick, water flows evenly into the pot. The technology is simple: it is necessary to lower the wick in a container with water and insert the other end into the drain hole in the pot. p>
The latter should be located above the container with water, not touching its bottom. If it is a miniature plant, then a large plastic cup would be an excellent alternative to the design. p>
A lace can be used as a wick; it absorbs moisture well. Here, the plant independently decides when to "drink water". This method of irrigation is not recommended to use in the winter when the water in the tank may freeze. p> Into the pallet
Such The method of watering violets is very well perceived in the cold period of time. p>
Water should be poured evenly, depending on its absorption by the soil. p>
A tray of water should be left for 10-15 minutes. p>
Excess fluid must be drained. p> Immersion method or Texas irrigation method
If you are ready to be confused and build a whole structure for your favorite plants, you will need: p> Drill holes in the sides of the pot at a height of 5 cm from the bottom; coarse perlite lays down to the level of holes, and a layer of earth above; The pot is placed in a small cuvette and water is poured to the level of the holes made. The latter are not flooded with water so that air enters the root system; water level does not exceed the level of drainage.
For this method of irrigation, it is recommended to use soil with fiber peat and perlite to ensure the capillary effect. Components do not desiccate the soil substrate, contribute to abundant flowering plants. p> Upper
This classic irrigation method is favorable for violets, if you do not use a watering can with a spray. Water should fall under the root or soak around the edge of the pot. p>
For irrigation, use a syringe without a needle, a syringe or a watering can with a narrow spout. p>
Water should be absorbed, not drained. The liquid flows until it begins to appear on the pallet. After 15-20 minutes after watering, it is necessary to drain the excess water from the pan. p> drip
As well as for the previous method it is necessary to use a watering can with a narrow spout or a syringe. This method is used for miniature Saintpaulia. p> How to water at different times?
Seasonality affects the state of the root system of a plant, the healthy appearance of the leaves and the profusion of flowering. Consider the need for moisture in the flower and the tolerance of hot weather or cold. p> in winter
In the cold period, violet requires special care The plant needs rest. p>
It is recommended to reduce the frequency of irrigation, reduce the abundance of light and completely eliminate the fertilizer of the soil. p>
In winter, it is recommended to remove flower buds in order to preserve the violet of strength for wintering. The abundance of water during this period is poorly absorbed by the root system. p>
Important! If the roots of the plant began to rot, the flower can be saved by a temporary transplant. Reduced humidity and new soil will give violet an opportunity to recover. p> in the summer
In the hot season, try to keep the plant air temperature in the room up to 25 degrees. This is the optimum temperature for abundant and long flowering. p>
In unbearable heat, air conditioning can save the plant from rotting and drying out. Heat - not a reason for abundant watering the flower. Already known methods of watering can be alternated with each other. p> Spring and Autumn
This is a favorable time for transplanting and feeding plants, as well as the most optimal air temperature for the growth of violets. In spring and autumn, the plant blooms profusely, and also perfectly perceives any method of watering. p> Feeding violets at home
Over time, the soil loses its beneficial minerals and trace elements, therefore needs periodic feeding. To fertilize a home plant you can alternate the following components: p> Nitrogen Phosphorus Potassium
The first option is suitable for the period of active growth, when new leaves are formed. If there is an excess of fertilizer, the violet will stop blooming. Potassium and phosphorus will accelerate the formation of buds and continue to saturate them with missing components during flowering. p>
It is necessary to fertilize violets no more than 1-2 times a month. It is not necessary to feed immediately after transplantation, at high or low temperatures, or damage to the root system. To protect the leaves of the plant from damage, it is better to fertilize the flower through the pallet. p> What water is needed?
Periodically it is necessary to wipe the violet leaves with water at room temperature. p>
Flowers can not be watered with freshly tap water. p>
Not everyone has the opportunity to use drinking water or filter the available one. This method will help make running water a panacea for violets: p> The required amount of water from the tap is left for a day in a room with room temperature. During this time, the water must be stirred several times to evaporate free chlorine. Boil the liquid for 1 minute. Add a pinch of citric acid. Allow the water to infuse for 2 hours and pour it into another container until sediment.
Remember, the root system of violets prefers warm water up to 40 ° С. Therefore, before the very watering it can be slightly warmed. p> Why add potassium permanganate?
This treatment used to be and feeding plants actively used gardeners. p>
Now more popular chemical dressing. Do not forget that this is a good disease prevention and elimination of plant infections. p>
Potassium permanganate is used as a watering. Concentrated solution can destroy the plant. Therefore, to 1 liter of water is to add 3 drops of potassium permanganate. p> Possible errors or fake tips Violets are very demanding plants with poorly developed root systems. (?) Remember that every plant needs diligent care. Due to the overflow or abundant sun, Saintpaulia may die. If you water the violet from above, it can rot. (?) The presented methods of irrigation have a positive effect on the root system. When choosing a method of watering violets need to focus on its habitat. Violets do not tolerate transplant. (?) For good growth, the flower is planted in a small pot. The soil in such an environment is quickly depleted, so violet should be transplanted at least twice a year. March and September are good times for a transplant. Transplanting the plant in spring in fresh soil contributes to abundant flowering, and the autumn procedure will give strength to the flower for wintering. For flowering violets need to break off the bottom sheets. (?) Violet flowering is influenced by the right care, not the number of leaves. When creating good lighting conditions, temperature and proper watering, the plant will bloom profusely and with a small number of leaves. Juicy and healthy lower leaves give violet strength for abundant flowering.
When watering a plant, the water should not fall into the leaves, there are stains from burns, the violet starts to hurt. Its leaves are covered with small fluff on which dust is formed. This plant needs a "shower", it is recommended to wipe the sheets with warm water. Wet flower should be protected from the sun and drafts. p> Answers to Frequently Asked Questions Why does an adult violet not bloom with proper care and watering? Violets love small pots and good lighting. Prolonged heat and low humidity also affect the profusion of flowering. Sometimes instead of peduncles can form stepchildren. They should be removed and put the flower in a cold place for a while. What to do with a long bare stem of a violet? Carefully remove the flower from the pot, scrape the stem to a succulent fabric, then plant it in a new soil to the depth of the lower leaves. Dark spots appear on the leaves, what is it? They can appear from drafts and when leaves remain moist for a long time. Which soil is better to use for violets? Although this plant is unpretentious, we recommend choosing a loose and nutritious mixture with a neutral acidity index: ph from 5.5 to 6.5.
Did you know? The first mentions of violets are associated with the ancient Greeks. They considered this flower a symbol of love and fertility, adding plants to love potions, tea and wine. Also, violet was a great seasoning for meats and desserts. p> Useful video
Learn more about watering violets from the video below:
The flowering plant in the house not only pleases the eye with its delicate beauty, it is the presence of useful components and vital oxygen in the room. We believe that these tips and rules for caring for violets will help to keep the plant healthy and flourishing. p>
The flower pot in Japanese