How to water cactus photo

Date: 24.09.2018, 01:10 / View: 82571

For a long time I thought that on my windowsill there is a Decembrist or Zigokaktus, if you call him scientifically. Gave me a plant friend, she also introduced the basics of nursing. Frankly, there was no serious trouble with him. But here came December, and my flower, apparently not looking in the calendar, stood without a single bud. His "failure" I wrote off on my own mistakes in the care. But approximately in the middle of March, the Decembrist suddenly acquired buds, and later also cute pink flowers, reminiscent of bells. I decided that I got a "wrong" plant. On strangeness I complained to colleagues. More experienced cactus lovers have enlightened me: my flower is a close relative of the Decembrist, its name is long and complex, almost like an Egyptian pharaoh - ripsalidopsis. And in the people it was called "Easter cactus", as the buds blossom in early spring, just in time for this holiday. Care for him at home is simple, but the flowering plant looks very impressive (you can see this by looking at the photo).

Content Ripsalidopsis is an Easter cactus, not a Decembrist

The native land of most forest cacti, including ripsalidopsis, is the South American tropics. In wet and warm jungles they perfectly feel, upholstered on trunks of trees, stumps, in hollows - everywhere where a little old foliage and a little bit of soil accumulated.

Ripsalidopsis is an epiphyte, it is able to absorb moisture from the atmosphere by means of air roots. For vertebrate plants, the presence of leaves is a luxury, so they atrophied, turning into thin bristles, ripsalidopsis consists only of stems. They, in turn, are divided into flat segments or segments. By the way, their form is one of the hallmarks of ripsalidopsis. Ripsalidopsis in nature

The shade of the petals in the Easter cactus is very gentle

How to distinguish ripsalidopsis from zigokaktusa (decembrist)? At first glance, these plants are similar, like twins. They are really relatives. But there are some signs that even an unprofessional nerd can unmistakably identify them. Table: differences between ripsalidopsis and decembrist Rhesalidopsis blooms

Flowers ripsalidopsisa similar to stars

The ancestor of domestic ripsalidopsis is used in the jungle to humidity above the average and rather poor lighting. He grew air roots to cling more firmly to the tree on which he settled, and to absorb moisture from the atmosphere. Due to their presence of cuttings, plants very quickly take root. To survive during a drought, ripsalidopsis acquired thick, intensely branching stems that serve as a reservoir for the storage of moisture and nutrients.

Ripsalidopsis shoots are a chain of flattened fleshy segments, about 3 cm in width and 4-6 cm in length. Stalk coloration is usually light green, but with excess of bright light it becomes reddish. Inflorescences appear at the ends of shoots. The more magnificent the "crown" of ripsalidopsis, the more buds are formed. Coloring flowers in nature is limited to different shades of pink and red. Then the plant gives fruits - scarlet pentagonal berries, they contain seeds.

Modern scientists have recently made regular changes in the taxonomy. According to the latest classification, the genus Ripsalidopsis is abolished. The species that were included in it are referred to the genus Hatiora (Hatiora) and are considered a subspecies of Rhipsalidopsis. So now in the shops ripsalidopsis is sometimes called in a new way - a hutiore. Photo gallery: options for placing ripsalidopsis in the house Growing in an ampel method The Easter cactus looks spectacular in the pot-basket  Ripsalidopsis on the windowsill A compact sort of Easter cactus looks good on the windowsill Placement of the pot with ripsalidopsis on floor A large ripsalidopsis bush can be placed directly on the floor  Cv Ripalidopsis Essential Compositions Ripsalidopsis bush - decoration of a flower composition

Easter cactuses are not the first decade are grown as houseplants. Their popularity is due to ease of care, exotic appearance, flowering duration. Ripsalidopsis can be grown in the form of an ampel plant, located in a suspended pot or on a high stand. Then the arc-shaped shoots will look picturesque. Another option is simply to put the Easter cactus on the windowsill, compact grades are suitable for this. From white to orange: popular varieties

Now breeders have created many varieties of ripsalidopsis with a variety of coloring flowers. They can be pink, burgundy, red, purple, orange and even white, which you will never see in nature. Some hybrids are generally mottled. The most common varieties of the Easter cactus: Ripsalidopsis Gartner. Small bush, up to 20 cm in height, with drooping, highly branched stems. Segments with a wavy margin and small setae slightly pubescent. It is convenient to grow it as an ampel plant. Initially, the flowers were red. Now many varieties of ripsalidopsis Gartner with a different coloring are derived. Variety Nina - buds and flowers violet; Eliza - burgundy buds, flowers - rich red; King's Dream - neon-pink flowers with a pink-orange border; Sirius and White Magic (White Magic) - snow-white inflorescences. Ripsalidopsis is pink. Plant with stalks about 30 cm, segments with jagged, 4-5 cm long. Flowers in the form of stars, pink, with bright yellow center and fragrant. A small sized shrub. Ripsalidopsis Andromeda. Large (5-6 cm in diameter), burgundy-pink flowers, orange in the center. Hold for quite some time. Ripsalidopsis Auriga. He is often mistaken for a Decembrist. He has drooping long stems with short segments. The flowers are large, red-orange. Ripsalidopsis Phoenix. It is easy to recognize by flowers. They are large, tender pink with an orange core, similar in shape to a star. Blooms very luxuriantly and long. Shoots are not long. Ripsalidopsis, grown at home - photo Ripsalidopsis Andromeda Ripsalidopsis Andromeda - flowers are shimmered in different shades of pink and lilac, like the sunset in the tropics Ripsalidopsis Auriga Ripsalidopsis Auriga is distinguished by a shade of petals, flowers are similar to flames  Ripsalidopsis King's Dream Ripsalidopsis King's Dream is one of the most popular selection hybrids Rinsalidopsis Gartner - the basis for most selection experiments Ripsalidopsis pink Ripsalidopsis pink is appreciated by flower growers for its compactness  Ripsalidopsis Phoenix Ripsalidopsis Phoenix differs in size of flowers and duration of flowering  Ripsalidopsis White Magic Ripsalidopsis White magic - very pure, white tone of petals Ripsalidopsis Sirius Ripsalidopsis flowers of Sirius are really similar to the stars Ripsalidopsis Scarborough Ripsalidopsis Scarborough - unusual golden-orange flowers How to create optimal conditions for the plant at different times of the year

Ripsalidopsis is a cactus, but a forest cactus. It feels good in a damp and warm climate. But the plant is undemanding to light. Unlike distant relatives, desert cacti, ripsalidopsis in nature lives in the penumbra under the canopy, which form interwoven branches of trees. Table: optimal conditions for growing ripsalidopsis

Ripsalidopsis blossoms luxuriantly, if it managed to build up a green mass. And this requires light. In autumn and winter (until February), periodically turn the pot so that the "crown" turns out to be relatively symmetrical. When it's time to lay buds, stop moving ripsalidopsis so that it does not experience stress and does not throw off future flowers. Video: how to create a correct microclimate Flower Transplant and preparation for it

Once you have ripsalidopsis, give him a little attention. You should start with a transplant. To do this, you need a new pot, wide and low, with large holes for water drainage. The roots of the epiphyte cactus will not take up much space, and they need a constant supply of air. The earth, which contains plants in the store, is no good. Prepare a new substrate. Ripsalidopsis prefers a slightly sour, not very fertile, rough and friable soil: a special primer for growing succulents and cacti; leaf, turf, sand, charcoal or broken brick, coconut fiber (4: 4: 2: 1); clay-turfy ground, charcoal, small brick crumb (5: 1: 1); leaf land, peat, perlite, chopped moss-sphagnum (3: 2: 2: 1).

Drainage is mandatory in any case. Before planting the plant, disinfect the soil. If the mixture you prepared yourself, increase its acidity. For 3-4 liters of soil, add a teaspoon of chalk and superphosphate. Selection and purchase of ripsalidopsis

The soil in which ripsalidopsis grew in the store is not suitable for plant development

Young ripsalidopsis requires a transplant every year, it should be done after flowering, in May. Cacti over four years old are less likely to worry about once every three years. Large specimens in one pot can live up to five years.

Choosing a container for transplantation, give preference not to a deeper, but to a wider new pot. If the roots of ripsalidopsis have grown significantly, then increase its volume by about half. At the bottom of a new pot, pour a drainage - clay or broken brick. Above is a slightly prepared substrate. Ripsalidopsis carefully remove from the pot, shake the soil (but do not rinse). Transfer the plant to a new container, distribute the roots and sprinkle with fresh substrate. Remember: ripsalidopsis has a superficial root system, it should not be deeply buried. Earth a little tighten your hands. Do not overdo it, the cactus loves loose soil at the roots. After transplanting, pour the plant, provide it with high humidity, for 7-10 days, carefully guard against direct sun. Care in pleasure

It is a pleasure to look after ripsalidopsis. The plant is not bad. The only thing it can not do without is a fairly high humidity, which needs to be maintained almost all year round. We will tell about this and other secrets of care. How to ensure high humidity?

To fulfill the main condition, presented ripsalidopsis to the microclimate, is not so difficult. Here are a few ways to arrange a mini-tropics in a separate corner of the apartment: Put a pot of the Easter cactus in the kitchen or bathroom, if the latter has a window. In these rooms, the air is so wet. And remove the heating batteries and other heating appliances. Spray the plant more often with warm water. The best option is a finely dispersed atomizer, which creates a suspension in the air. Put ripsalidopsis next to other flowers with the same need. For example, an excellent neighbor is an asplenium. Then it will be more convenient to conduct water procedures, and the humidity will last longer. Fill the tray where there is a pot of cactus, wet pebbles, expanded clay or sphagnum moss. Water it as it dries. Place the pot in a waterproof container filled with peat or sphagnum moss. Humidify the substrate regularly. Place a fountain next to the plant, an aquarium or an air humidifier. Abundant flowering of ripsalidopsis

Ripsalidopsis loves moist and fresh air

Do not be afraid of waterlogging. First, it does not affect the overall atmosphere in the apartment. Secondly, it is even useful, especially in winter. After all, you are spending a lot of money on moisturizing creams for the skin. So use the tropics that you create for your forest cactus. In spring, blossom with him! Do not spare the water in summer

Ripsalidopsis is watered unevenly throughout the year. The changing needs are related to the life cycle of the plant.

During flowering, the Easter cactus requires abundant watering. The soil should not dry up. With warm water moisten both the substrate and stems, but do not pour it on flowers, otherwise they will quickly die. Do not allow moisture to stagnate, draining the excess from the pan.

After the flowering, the plant begins to intensively increase the green mass, watering also requires abundant. The motto of your ripsalidopsis: a lot of moisture, but without overflow.

The closer the resting period, the less water is needed for the paschal cactus. From the end of September to the second half of February, the soil in the pot is moistened only slightly. But the over-dried earth must not be.

Water for ripsalidopsis should be warm and soft. Suitable boiled, filtered or stand-by water. Ideally - rain or melting.

During the active vegetative period ripsalidopsis should be supported by mineral top dressing. Natural organic does not suit him. Use ready-made liquid fertilizers for cacti with a low nitrogen content. Its excess provokes decay of the roots.

Every two weeks, add top dressing to the irrigation water. On the eve of the rest period, the food is cut. In the winter ripsalidopsis does not fertilize.

When the Easter cactus begins to "wake up" (around the end of February), perform the first foliar top dressing by adding the fertilizer to the water for spraying. Ripsalidopsis bouquet for Easter - provide flowering

Ripsalidopsis is not grown for greenery. The owner dreams of receiving for the Easter holiday a magnificent bouquet of flowers from this cactus. I must say, even on the eve of flowering, the plant looks beautiful. The buds give it a very attractive look. And even when it is in full swing, the cactus, which is unattractive in winter, miraculously changes beyond recognition. Flowers averaging about 4 cm are located at the ends of the stems. Each areola gives from one to three buds, and sometimes, if ripsalidopsis is well rested, and 7-8. Ripsalidopsis blooms for Easter

Ripsalidopsis blooms in the spring - just when, after a long winter, I want bright colors

In nature, the variety of shades of flowers do not differ: from pink to dark red. Breeders brought cacti with lilac, orange and white petals. But this is quite enough. Flowers ripsalidopsisa very bright, they seem to glow from the inside.

Flowering plant for about two months. At this time it can not be bothered, the buds will fall off. Then a fruit can form - a soft berry with seeds. Grow it at home is difficult. For this, you will have to assume the role of a bee. And the pollen needs to be borrowed from another plant. It turns out that to "harvest" fruits, you need at least two ripsalidopsis. Healthy ripsalidopsis

Proper care - a pledge of lush flowering and the absence of disease in the plant

Not everyone can achieve abundant flowering from ripsalidopsis. One of the main reasons for the absence of buds - the plant has not accumulated strength. In the summer months, the cactus did not breathe in fresh air, did not get enough nutrients and water. So, I did not build new stems. In winter, when the plant had to rest before flowering, you did not create the necessary conditions for it.

And it happens that ripsalidopsis has already formed buds, and you decided to change the location of the pot or just turned it the other side to the window. And the flowers ceased to develop, dried up and fell. When communicating with forest cacti, observe the main rule: do not make sharp movements, do not fuss around the pot during the bud formation. Winter Hibernation

The time of hibernation for ripsalidopsis begins early. Approximately in October the flower gradually goes to rest. And he must "doze" until early February. But how happy the dream of the Easter cactus is, depends on its owner. The plant needs a low temperature, about 15-17 ° C. It is necessary to exclude fertilizing, watering moderately. The humidity should be 60%.

Quality hibernation is a prerequisite for the formation of buds and flowering ripsalidopsis. At the end of winter, "wake up" the cactus, gradually increasing the temperature of the air, watering, after fertilizing. Typical florist errors

No florist, especially a beginner, is immune to errors. Improper care negatively affects the decorativeness of the plant. But the flower with its appearance unequivocally signals that it does not suit him. It is only necessary to learn how to decipher the signs given to them. Table: errors in care for ripsalidopsis Dark spots on the leaves of ripsalidopsis

Deterioration of the appearance of ripsalidopsis - an unambiguous hint of individual floriculture errors Often, plant diseases and pests

The fleshy stems of ripsalidopsis are an attractive nutrient medium for insect pests and pathogenic fungi. Easter cactus can attack a spider mite, mealy moth, a scab, and to infect - fusariosis and phytophthora. Table: the most common diseases and pests of ripsalidopsis Photogallery: typical diseases and pests for ripsalidopsis  Spider mite Insecticides are the most effective against a spider mite, and special preparations are acaricides  Powdery mildew Powdery mulberry is a common pest of houseplants, it seems harmless, but it is by no means  Shield Pro The shell of the scabbard protects the pest from most folk remedies reliably Fusarium Strongly affected by fusariose plant is impossible to save a plant Phytophthorosis Phytophthorosis is a dangerous disease that affects not only garden, but also indoor plants How does the flower multiply?

Ripsalidopsis multiplies in two ways. More simple and effective - cuttings. Difficult and longer - with seeds. Rooting

Do you want to grow from a single specimen a whole garden of Easter cacti? There is nothing easier! Rooting cuttings of ripsalidopsis

Cuttings take root surprisingly quickly Wait until the bloom is complete. Separate from the adult plant twisting movements of cuttings, consisting of two or three segments. Prepare the planting material for about three to four days. Mix a light substrate, for example, from peat and sand (1: 1). Also finely chopped moss-sphagnum is suitable. Fill it in small containers and pour well. Cuttings to the ground, do not dig. To maintain a vertical position, lean them against the support. Within a few days they will start the roots. After 10-15 days, new plants are transplanted into a substrate suitable for an adult forest cactus. In a year, young ripsalidopsis will form their first buds. Germination of seeds

If you want to experiment, growing ripsalidopsis from seeds, get patience. Your seedlings will blossom in three, or even four, years. Planting material can be obtained by cross pollination. Brush the pollen from one cactus to another. If it was possible to achieve the ovary of the fetus, wait until it ripens. The berry should slightly wrinkle. Then the seeds are ready. Sometimes they germinate already inside the fetus. In this case, the rooting process will be slightly accelerated. The germination of the seeds of the Easter cactus retains about three to four years.

So, you have the seeds of ripsalidopsis. Wait for the spring, prepare a greenhouse for sowing - a wide container. Fill in it with an easy substrate for germination (sand and sheet earth - 1: 1). Pour in the soil mixture. Spread the seeds over the surface, from the top, cover with finely chopped moss or coconut fiber. Cover with a film or glass. Regularly ventilate and moisten the crops. Sprinkle seedlings on a few pieces in pots. With this method of cultivation, the shrub is formed three to four years.

There is another way to get a new Easter cactus. It can be planted. Throwing spiny

Pereskya spiny - a liana, which is ready to shelter the Easter cactus

Prikovoj make on a stem pereski spiny. This is a fast growing liana, which is grown as a houseplant. The procedure should be carried out in the summer.

At pereski remove the top with leaves, leave a bare stem. At the top it is split. For the scion, a ripsalidopsis stalk is separated with 2-3 segments. The lower part is sharpened in the form of a wedge and inserted into the cleavage into a rootstock. Privoj fix a long prickle or thorn, a needle, fix a plaster.

The pot should not be covered. For the splicing, a temperature of about 20 ° C is needed. If everything is done correctly, after two weeks the graft starts to grow. The bandage is removed, all shoots and leaves are removed below the site of inoculation. New ripsalidopsis, as experts say, will be active and fluffy blossom.

Have not you got ripsalidopsis yet? Maybe you are thinking about the difficult question: which cactus do you like best, Christmas or Easter? If the problem of choice seems insoluble, listen to the advice. Forest cacti does not happen much. Each of them is good in its own way. So solve the problem simply - get a Christmas Decembrist, and Easter ripsalidopsis. Then your home garden will almost continuously bloom from November to May.