Ficus the process of how to plant

Date: 05.10.2018, 17:24 / View: 63592

Mulberry family. This is one of the most common indoor plants.

In nature, ficuses are trees and shrubs, grow in dense forests under rains, winds and the sun, they are very hardy. But at home ficuses are much more tender - they do not tolerate drafts, overmoistening of the soil and direct bright sun. Ficus variegated varieties more light-requiring, they only need shading at the hottest time of the day, from about 11 to 15 hours.

In the winter, figs are well tolerated at room temperature, but need good illumination, so if the pots with plants do not fit on the windowsill and are rearranged into the room, you need to arrange the backlight using fluorescent or LED lamps. And variegated forms, such as Ficus Benjamin can stand all winter long on the southern windowsill. With a lack of lighting in winter, weak shoots are formed, the internodes are lengthened, the leaves are few, the branches reach for the light and the crown looks one-sided.

Ficuses reproduce by cuttings. From the shoot you can get as many cuttings as there are leaves on it. The cutting for reproduction should consist of one leaf with an intact eye and half of the lower internode without a peephole. After cutting off the cutting, it is dipped in warm water to stop the release of the milky juice. For better rooting, a slit is made at the bottom of the cutting or splitting (in a cutting with hard wood, a cross is cut, in a cutting with soft wood, one cut is made). Cuttings are best rooted with soil heating and covering the cutting with a plastic bag.

Frequently asked questions about ficus

For all ficuses, such a soil mixture is best suited - 2 parts of leaf, 1 part of peat land and 1 part of humus. Ficuses do not like being planted in dishes much larger than their root system, so they are transplanted when they are supposed to fill the entire pot or tub. Ficuses grow quite quickly, therefore, the soil should be nutritious when transplanting, in addition, fertilizing dressings are carried out in spring and summer (they respond well to fertilizing with organic fertilizers, rotted cow manure or Ispolin fertilizer). Also ficuses can be fed with fertilizers such as "Rainbow" and "Palm". Old specimens of large ficuses are transplanted very rarely - in 5-6 years. But annually it is necessary to replace the upper layer of the earth with a new one. It is also necessary to replace the top layer of the earth, if a white crust appeared on it - salt deposit.

The first place of honor among the various types of ficus is Ficus rubbery or Ficus elastica. Also very popular are Ficus Benjamin, Ficus lyroid, Ficus Bengal, Ficus dwarf, etc. The secret of such popularity is in the simplicity of ficuses as a whole and the individual beauty of each species: Ficus elastica - a large monumental plant, very shade-tolerant; Ficus benjamin in shape - a miniature tree, easily amenable to the formation of pruning, splicing trunks, its branches easily bend and take any forum; ficus lyre is a proud single plant with shiny leathery leaves; Ficus Ali (bindendika) - with its appearance it resembles a willow tree, it never grows up and also branches well; Dwarf ficus is an excellent ground-cover or ampelous plant. Ficus rubber-cured Ficus rubber-curing Ficus elastica

It has several varieties that differ in the shape and color of the leaves. Especially spectacular varieties with yellow spots and stripes on the leaves. Some varieties branch well, have a rather compact form, others reluctantly form side shoots and tend to grow upwards.

At home, the ficus rubber milling system is undemanding to air humidity and tolerates a lack of light. We advise you to pay special attention to the proper watering and care for the growing shoots, which can reach several meters and fancifully bent. It is necessary to form the crown in a timely manner, tying up the stems or periodically pruning and rooting them. Care for ficus rubber

Ficus elastic is not demanding to care, it is important to choose the right place, especially for large specimens - so that it is light and does not fry from the batteries; Do not overly and periodically wipe leaves from dust. temperature

Preferably moderate, not below 18 ° C. They like to “keep their feet warm” - do not put a ficus pot on a cold window-sill, marble or tiled floor, etc. In a room with a temperature of above moderate, the leaves begin to hang down. Lighting

All varieties of ficus elastic prefer a bright place, protected from direct sunlight in the afternoon. The variegated forms need a lighter and warmer place than forms with dark leaves. Watering

Ficus rubber irrigation loves moderate, does not tolerate waterlogging. Water at room temperature, better defended. Fertilizers fertilizer from March to August in two weeks.

More >> Ficus Benjamin Ficus Benjamin Ficus benjamina

Small-leaved compact tree with a dense crown. The branches of Ficus Benjamin in old plants, 8-10 years old, wilt, and give the tree a special attraction. At home it grows up to 1.5-2 m in height. Care for Benjamin Ficus Temperature

Moderate, optimal in the range of 20-25 ° C, it is possible to keep it in winter and at lower temperatures around 16-18 ° C, with limited irrigation, the limit is 10 ° C with a dry content. Lighting

Benjamin Ficus loves light, especially variegated varieties, but with protection from direct sunlight in the afternoon. In the spring and summer, the eastern window is suitable, where the sun is in the morning or evening. But in central Russia for the period from September to January, the southern or southwest window is ideal for it. With a lack of light in the winter ficus can fall off. Watering

Benjamin Ficus has moisture saving thickening on the roots, so it does not tolerate excessive moisture, it must be dried well before the next watering. If the roots of the ficus after watering for a very long time dry, rotting may begin: at the same time the plant throws off a large number of leaves, some lose their color, turn yellow, others fly still green.

More >> Ficus Ali Ficus Ali (bindendik) Ficus binnendijkii 'Alii'

Ali is the most popular variety of the ficus binnendik Ficus binnendijkii, which is also known as the wolfberry ficus. The leaves of this ficus in shape really resemble willow, but this is a popular name, not a botanical one.

With good care, Ficus Ali at home reaches 1.5 m in height and about 70-80 cm in diameter. You should not put this ficus on the floor: first, it is dark, the lower part of the trunk will begin to bare, secondly, it is always colder on the floor, the earth in the pot dries longer and the roots can rot if it is too abundant. Care for ficus Ali Temperature

Moderate, optimal in the range of 20-25 ° С, content is possible in winter at lower temperatures around 16-18 ° С, with limited irrigation, the limit is 13 ° С for dry contents. With sudden changes in temperature can shed leaves. Lighting

Bright diffused light, light partial shade. With an acute lack of light, the shoots are pulled out, the leaves are thinning. Direct sunlight can cause burns during hot noon days. Ficus Ali with green leaves is more shade-tolerant than many other types of ficus. But variegated varieties like 'Amstel Gold' need more intense light, with some sunshine in the morning or in the evening. Watering

Ficus is watered moderately in summer; the top layer of soil should dry well to a depth of about 1/2 the height of the pot. In winter, when light and temperature decrease, watering is limited, allowing the ground to dry almost completely.

More >> Ficus Lyre Ficus Lyre Ficus lirata

Ficus lyric Ficus lirata - is distinguished by its large leaves, similar in shape to an inverted violin. Its leaves reach a length of 50-60 cm. Loves loneliness, do not put it close to other plants.

This ficus is not often found in flower shops, but it is wonderful - leathery leaves, pointing up, have an interesting shape. The ficus itself grows slowly, with good care is not exposed to the bottom. A real decoration of a spacious office or hall. Ficus is lyrate at home, it is difficult to branch, often grows in one trunk, at the age of 4-5 years it can produce side shoots. Care for ficus lyrate Temperature

In the summer, the usual room, does not like strong heat, in the winter optimally 18-20 ° C, the limit of 12 ° C. Does not like the cooling of the soil after watering! Lighting

Bright place, protected from direct sunlight in the spring and summer from 11 to 16 hours. Watering

Temperate soil must have time to dry for the next watering. Water at room temperature, well settled. Fertilizing fertilizer from April to August in two weeks.

More >> Ficus dwarf Ficus dwarf Ficus pumila

Fast-growing, small-leaved ficus, completely different from all other types of ficus. You can grow it as an ampelous plant, you can tie it to a support, so that it stretches upwards.

The main care of the ficus is tying a support, timely transplanting and watering, fertilizing fertilizers. Ficus responds well to hot showers, as prevention from ticks. Care for ficus pumila Temperature

Moderate, optimal in the range of 20-25 ° С, content is possible in winter and at lower temperatures around 12-14 ° С, with limited irrigation, the limit is 8 ° С with dry content. Although in natural conditions the ficus tiny withstands lower temperatures and even small frosts, when growing at home it is not worth the risk - protect plants from drafts. Lighting

Ficus pumila grows well in bright diffused light with a certain amount of sunlight. The east and west window is suitable, shading is required only at midday hours. It grows well with artificial light. Ficus variegated more light-requiring. If the ficus lacks light, it can grow new shoots without leaves. Watering

Quite plentiful in summer, it is a rare ficus, which does not tolerate complete overdrying of the earth, it should always be slightly damp, but on top have time to dry for another watering by about a quarter of the pot height. In winter, the ficus is watered less frequently, with the earth drying at half the height of the pot.

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