Bryansk strawberry seedlings

Date: 16.10.2018, 04:51 / View: 62285

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White cabbage seedlings "stay out" in the house is not long, because it's not far off time to land on a permanent place. We will understand how to do it correctly.

Family: Cabbage

Cycle: Biennial plant, in the first year forms a powerful head-bud weighing 400-500 g in early cabbage and up to 10-12 kg and more in later varieties

Vegetation: In early varieties - 70-130 days, medium - 125-175, late - 153-245

Crop cabbage: Good predecessors - cucumbers, onions. tomatoes, potatoes, legumes, beets, pumpkin, perennial herbs; the bad ones are other crucifers

Read more: Compatibility and alternation of vegetables

For cabbage choose flat, well warmed by the sun areas. For seedlings of early varieties, in the fall, per 1 square meter of 5-6 kg of rotted manure, 12-15 g of potassium chloride, 30-40 g of superphosphate and just before planting 25-30 g of ammonium nitrate. For middle and late ripening - 5-10 kg of manure, 10-12 g of phosphorus and 20-25 g of potassium, and in the spring before planting - 10-12 g of nitrogen per 1 sq. M. Preparing for planting cabbage seedlings

There are three main points. First, a week before planting, the seedlings are transferred to a greenhouse or every day they are exposed for 3-4 hours in the sun. Secondly, they reduce watering from daily to 1 time in 2-3 days, and the day before planting they do not water at all (so that the seedlings do not break on the road and are easier to remove from the pot, and if watered, the plants are transported, laying on one side ). Thirdly, 1.5-2 weeks before planting, seedlings are fed with potassium (4-6 g of potassium sulfate per 1 liter of water), which increases the resistance of plants to cold.

If there is a risk of pests on the site (for example, aphids), then 2-3 days before planting, the seedlings are watered with Aktara solution (0.3 g per 1 l of water).

FACT: planting cabbage seedlings is better in the morning or evening when there is no direct sunlight. Cloudy weather or even light rain is ideal.

To the market for seedlings

If you buy cabbage seedlings, pay attention to its appearance. The plant must have at least 3 true leaves, be stocky, i.e. not elongated, not have kinks, injuries, etc. Pay special attention to the roots: their length should be at least one third of the aboveground part, there should be no thickening, rot or other signs of disease on the roots. Planting cabbage seedlings

Seedlings of early cabbage at the age of 60 days in open ground are planted in late April - early May, when the soil warms up to + 8 ... + 10 degrees. The planting scheme depends on the estimated size of the head - chad 45 × 20-25 cm (cabbage with heads of conical shape can be planted more often). The growth of cabbage seedlings of middle and late ripening varieties should not exceed 35, otherwise the survival rate will fall. Plants are dredged in the middle-end of the barking according to the pattern of 70 × 30-40 cm. Contrary to popular belief, cabbage should not be buried: this leads to poor ventilation under the lower leaves, accumulation of excess moisture and damage to diseases.

It is more correct to plant it so that a third of the height of the cup (when taking out seedlings from the pot, the soil in which it grew keeps the shape of the vessel) is above the soil level. Only heavily overgrown seedlings can be slightly buried.

After planting, the plants are watered at the rate of 3-5 l / sq.m. To protect against frost, beds are covered with white spunbond. In addition to warming, it protects the soil from drying out, does not allow pests to get to the plants. The cabbage is opened a day after the day temperature rises to + 18 ... + 20 degrees. Care for transplanted seedlings

At first, the cabbage is watered moderately. Weed off weeds.

Various pests (flea, cabbage fly, aphid, whitefish, etc.) are of great danger. Struggling with them chemically, alternating drugs of different groups, so as not to cause addiction in insects (for example, Decis, BI-58 New, Karate or Aktara). Feeding young cabbage

At the initial stages of growth, cabbage requires a lot of nitrogen, and when forming a head of cabbage - phosphorus and potassium. The beginning of dressings is usually combined with the first hilling of a plant and watering: early varieties - 10-14 days after planting; later - after 20-30 days. The second and subsequent do in 20 days after the previous one.

The first time fed cabbage ammonium nitrate (5 g / l of water) or infusion of mullein (1: 5) or bird droppings (1:10), 1-1.5 liters per plant. The second dressing is a mixture of ammonium nitrate, superphosphate and potassium chloride (1: 2: 1) at the rate of 40-60 g / m2, and also nitrophosphate in the same dose. Further, if the plants are underdeveloped, they make a mixture of superphosphate and potassium chloride (2: 1) or wood ash (30 g around the plant).

Tip: Because of the wax on the leaves, the solutions that treat cabbage for diseases and pests often roll to the ground. To avoid this, you can add a sticky: special from the store or liquid soap, shampoo (1 tsp per 10 liters of the composition).

See also: Growing white cabbage - planting and care Cabbage without seedlings

In the middle lane in the open ground, the seeds of early cabbage are sown in early April, late - in the first decade of May. In the southern regions, late-ripened cabbage is sown in the first and second decade of May, and middle-ripened in late April-early and second decade of May. The seeds are sown quite thickly right on the bed according to the scheme 10-15 × 70 cm to a depth of 1-1.5 cm, they immediately spill the soil and then cover the area with spunbond.

Cabbage sprouts will be able to fight for life only in a month, when they form 3-4 true leaves. Until this time comes, they will have to be carefully managed: weed regularly weed, because young shoots are not able to compete with them, process them from cruciferous flea and other pests. In phase 4-6 of true leaves, cabbage is thinned, leaving 40-50 cm in a row between neighboring plants. You shouldn’t do this before, because only by this age will it be clear if the plant is affected with a keel or a black leg or not. Cabbage: Use

Cabbage leaves contain minerals, organic acids, enzymes, vitamins B, C, PP, K, E, U, dietary fiber, biologically active substances, as well as 16 amino acids that inhibit the growth and reproduction of pathogenic bacteria in the human body.

Cabbage improves digestion, metabolism, removes harmful cholesterol.

It is rich in potassium salts, which prevents fluid retention in the body.

Fresh cabbage juice is prescribed to drink 3 times a day 30 minutes before a meal with an ulcer: from 0.5 tbsp. and gradually increasing the single dose to 1 tbsp. (do not add salt). The course of treatment is 3-4 weeks.

Choosing the best cabbage variety Name Features Description Gribovsky 147 Early ripe variety. Easily withstands both lower temperatures and drought. On acidic soils, the keel of the head is rounded, rounded, weighing 1–1.5 kg, medium density. Glory 1305 Mid-season fruitful, adapted to different climatic conditions, one of the best pickling varieties. Cold-resistant, moisture-loving, resistant to cracking, heads are kept until January. Heads are round, 15-25 cm in diameter, juicy, medium density, weighing 2.4-4.5 kg Moscow late 15 Late variety, medium transportability. Unsuitable for winter storage, but it is one of the best varieties for fermentation. Demanding of fertility and moisture Kochany rounded, the average weight - 4-6 kg

On a note: Lace Cabbage

Gentle corrugated leaves of savoy cabbage do not have coarse veins, it is juicier and more nutritious than white cabbage. It can be eaten both fresh and boiled, but most of all I like it stew, because when cooking Savoy does not emit the smell inherent in all cabbage. It is especially good to make cabbage rolls out of it: leaves are easily separated from the head of cabbage and are not torn.

I did not meet savoy cabbage seedlings for sale, so I grow it myself. Since it is rather cold-resistant and the seeds begin to germinate at + 3 degrees, I sow them in the middle of April in a sunny area with fertile soil, then transplant them to a permanent place.

Caring for savoy cabbage is even easier than for cabbage: it is resistant to leaf-eating pests, and its ripened cabbages of late varieties tolerate slight frosts.

I cut Savoyka of early varieties together with the covering leaves, when the heads reach sufficient density, I do not tighten it with cleaning - the forks can crack. We eat early crops in the summer, because it is not to be stored, later we keep it in the cellar for up to three months, laying it out in a row on shelves or in boxes.

Related link: Growing Savoy Kaputs Plant Kohlrabi

Experienced gardeners grow kohlrabi throughout the summer, taking 2-3 waves of this cabbage from one bed. Now is the time to take care of the early harvest of the vegetable - 30-40 days old Kohlrabi seedlings are planted in the ground at the same time as the early white cabbage. Planting pattern - 25-30 cm between plants and 45-60 cm between rows.

Kohlrabi can be used as a compactor (it is placed next to late-ripening vegetables), and also as a crop for re-sowing after harvesting green plants or early vegetables: onions on the feather, radish. In these cases, kohlrabi are grown both in seedlings and non-seedlings. Vegetable eaten in salads, stewed and baked. Store stebleplody, as well as white cabbage or beet.

See also: Kohlrabi cabbage (photo) - cultivation and varieties

Our reference

Kohlrabi should be watered well in the hot summer. Drought inhibits growth - and then the stem does not form or grows small, rough and tasteless. However, from the abundant sharp watering Kohlrabi can crack! Successful cabbage seedlings - tips

Cabbage seedlings like coolness and mandatory lowering of the temperature at night.

For cabbage, very spartan conditions are required (15-17 ° in the daytime, 8-10 ° at night), for cauliflower and Brussels sprouts - softer (17-20 ° in the daytime, 20-15 ° at night). In the round-the-clock warmth of the apartment, soon after germination, it becomes pale, stretches out and becomes heavy. If circumstances make it necessary to cook seedlings in the city, then it is better to keep it on the balcony, loggia, in some cool place.

Usually, cabbage is sown in small street greenhouses, covered with glass or film for the night. You can sow seedlings in unheated greenhouses, just by the time the peppers and tomatoes are planted in them, the cabbage can be transferred to a permanent place. Cabbage should be planted in the ground when the ground warms up well. There is a reliable national method for determining the timing of landing. If you can sit on the ground without a litter, then it will be comfortable for vegetables. If the body feels a deep cold, then the plants will suffer.

Why do we need seedlings?

Although the cabbage for the season manages to go through the full life cycle, still it is impossible to do without growing the seedlings. Why? The fact is that adult cabbage plants require a lot of space for food. The scope of the rosettes of leaves of some varieties can reach 1 m. Even medium-sized varieties of kale should be placed at a distance of 25-30 cm from each other. Sowing seeds to a permanent place at such a distance is irrational. Therefore, the cabbage is first sown and grown in hotbeds.

Cooking land

The ground for the nursery should be nutritious and loose. Special frills are not required: it is necessary to mix in equal parts of the turf ground and humus, add a little wood ash. Part of the humus can be replaced by peat, biohumus, rotted sawdust. If the ground is too dense, you can pour a little sand for looseness. You can not take the land from the beds, where last year grew cabbage and other crucifers (rutabaga, radishes, turnips, mustard). The day before sowing should be watered the ground with a solution of potassium permanganate to prevent rot.

GROWN GROWTH SOIL hog. 1 part Ash, 1 cup on a bucket of soil Sod earth, 1 part

Baby food

Cabbage seedlings need at least 2 feedings: at the age of 2 weeks and a few days before planting. For the first feeding in 1 liter of water it is necessary to dissolve 1 tsp. ammonium nitrate and superphosphate. In order not to burn the roots, the plants must first be watered with clean water, only then with a fertilizer solution. For the second feeding, an infusion of manure with the addition of ash is perfect. Between dressings, seedlings can be powdered with ashes - this will also be a black leg prevention.

Seeds, at the start!

Before sowing, seeds are best treated to increase their resistance to fungal diseases. Seeds for 15-20 minutes. immersed in water - about 50 °, and then for 5 minutes. placed in the cold. It is impossible to process the coated seeds in this way! The soil should be watered before sowing and further until the emergence of shoots it is better not to water. Germination of cabbage seeds is usually good, the seeds are not too small, so you can immediately sow at a distance of 2-3 cm from each other. If the shoots will be thick, they must be thinned. Whether to carry out a picking - there is no single answer.

If at first sowing was carried out in boxes-planting, it is better to pick out 2-week-old seedlings in pots. When sowing in greenhouses can be limited to thinning seedlings.

Moving to the garden

At a permanent place usually planted 40-day seedlings, which has 2 true leaves. In the extreme case, the presence of 3-4 leaves is acceptable, a later transplant leads to a severe delay in development, heads of cabbages may not form at all. If the weather is unfavorable, it is better to plant the seedlings for temporary shelter than to tighten with a transplant.

Excellent individual cabbage houses come from 5-liter plastic water bottles. The bottle is cut off the bottom and set it above the plant neck up. In cold nights you can twist the cap. Such caps additionally protect seedlings from leaf-eating insects.

© Alexey SOBOLEV, Cand. agricultural sciences, Sergey BARSUKOV, cand. Sr science., Vera Prokopalova, p. Nina Stavropol Territory

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